Flashcards in Psychological Disorders Deck (22):
What is the DSM?
Used to make diagnoses of clinical syndromes. Current – DSM-5
What is labeling theory? What was Rosenhan’s study?
psychiatric diagnosis is a way of labeling individuals a society considers deviant
Rosenhan and 7 others admitted to psychiatric hospitals
Faked symptoms of schizophrenia. Simple tasks they did (taking notes, walking in hall) were labeled as schizophrenic behavior
What are anxiety disorders?
Characterized by intense, frequent, or continuous anxiety
What is generalized anxiety disorder?
global, persistent, chronic, and excessive anxiety. mild to moderate level of anxiety
- Constant sense of tension and dread (“free-floating anxiety”)
attacks of intense fear and feelings of doom or terror not justified by the situation (panic attacks)
Recurring intense panic attacks
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Recurrent obsessions and compulsions that cause distress and significantly interfere with an individual’s life
doubting that you closed the door. so you do it a lot of times
behaviors that must be performed
counting every task you do. so like turning bathroom light on and off five times. close and open door five times. wash hands five times.
What is major depressive disorder?
- Depressed mood may emerge without clear trigger
- Cognitive symptoms: thoughts of worthlessness, hopelessness ("I can't get out of bed")
- Physical symptoms: disturbances in appetite, sleep, energy (problems sleeping different REM cycles or eat too much/less)
What is bipolar disorder?
Extreme mood swings – alternating between depression and mania
What is mania?
period of abnormally euphoric mood
experiencing euphoric mood, energy, take risks, spend tons of money on presents for people
What is schizophrenia?
Severe disorder of thought, emotion, and perception associated with psychotic symptoms
What does it mean to have psychotic symptoms?
out of touch with reality in terms of thoughts and perceptions
What are hallucinations?
sensory perceptions that distort or occur without an external stimulus
auditory - hearing voices
visual - see things that aren't there
What are delusions?
strongly held, fixed beliefs that have no basis in reality
"The FBI, CIA, and aliens are stalking me!!"
What is disorganized speech?
skips from topic to topic
What is word salad?
random words come together to form a "tossed" or cray sentence
What are catatonic symptoms?
person's movement don't exist hold awkward position for a long time
What are positive symptoms?
- presence of something not usually there
- Delusions, hallucinations
What are negative symtpoms
- absence of something
- Flat affect, expressionless faces
What is antisocial personality disorder?
- little sense of responsibility, morality, or concern for others
- Lack of conscience (lack of empathy, compassion, not bothered by people's emotions)