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Psychology Final 2018 > Therapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Therapy Deck (19):
1

What is psychoanalytic therapy?

talk therapy. psychological intervention designed to help people resolve emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems

2

What is humanistic therapy?

Emphasizes realization of human potential

3

What are important qualities of Rogers’s person-centered therapy (e.g., nondirective)?

- Unconditional positive regard
- Empathy
- Reflection

4

What is exposure therapy?

confronts clients with what they fear

replace fear and stimulus with relaxation and stimulus
- "I'm afraid of planes, but my child is getting married in Australia"

5

What is flooding?

client confronts the feared stimulus all at once

-snake phobia so my therapist is gonna "flood" me. He'll put me in a room with lots of snakes and lock me in a room. Eventually, I will learn that I am okay.

6

What is systematic desensitization?

relax as they are gradually exposed to what they fear (Peter, Rabbit, and Cookie)

7

What is a token economy?

desirable behaviors are rewarded with tokens that patients can exchange for tangible rewards

8

What is cognitive therapy?

- Focuses on thought processes that underlie psychological symptoms

- Aaron Beck – automatic thoughts
- Therapist questions patient’s distorted assumptions and beliefs

9

What is cognitive-behavioral therapy?

- Combination of cognitive and behavior therapies
- Identifies automatic thoughts
- Focus on changing thoughts and behavior
-roleplaying

10

Is psychotherapy effective?

- 75% people say yes
-All forms more effective than no therapy
- Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy better established than other forms

11

Drug therapies (Schizophrenia)

-antipsychotic drugs
Very effective for positive symptoms
Side effects

12

Drug therapies (Anxiety)

- anti-anxiety medications (GABA agonists)
- Useful for short-term – calm jittery feelings, relax muscles

13

Drug therapies (Depression)

- antidepressant medications
- Most common – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

14

Drug therapies (Bipolar disorder)

mood stabilizer – lithium

15

What is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?

- brief burst of electric current to induce seizure in brain
- More effective than antidepressant drugs
- Side effect – memory loss
-last resort

16

What is dream interpretation?

Therapist focuses on unconscious symbols in dreams

17

What is free association?

speak freely. Get to unconscious thoughts, past the "think before we speak" filter

18

What is behavioral therapy?

uses principles of learning and conditioning

19

What are classical conditioning and operant conditioning methods?

Classical Conditioning - exposure therapy (flooding and systematic desensitization)

Operant Conditioning - Use reinforcement and punishment (Token economy)