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Psychology Final 2018 > Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Memory Deck (8):
1

What are sensory, short-term, and long-term memory?

sensory - lasts from ¼ second to a few seconds
short-term - lasts from 20 - 30 seconds
long-term - unlimited capacity

2

What are iconic and echoic memory?

ionic - memory by sight
echoic - memory by hearing

3

What are explicit and implicit memory?

explicit - declarative and its behaviors that you can describe
implicit - things you cannot describe but know how to do

4

What is Craik and Tulving’s (1975) levels of processing theory?

ranges from shallow processing to deep processing

5

What are shallow and deep processing?

shallow - superficial and will not result in long term retention
deep - more in depth and allows for more retention

6

What are context-dependent and state-dependent memory?

context-dependent - one’s environment allows for better recollection (studying in same room room where you will take exam)
state-dependent - reating the same bodily state as when you were studying in order to better recall (chewing gum during exam if you chewed gum during studying)

7

What are anterograde and retrograde amnesia

anterograde - cannot form memories after injury
retrograde - cannot form memories before injury

8

Is eyewitness testimony reliable?

NO. Memory is easily manipulable.