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Psychopathology

The scientific study of the origins symptoms and development of psychological disorders

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Psychological disorder

A pattern of behavioral and psychological symptoms that causes significant personal distress impairs the ability to function in one or more important areas of life or both

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DSM-IV-TR

Abbreviations for the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition text revision

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Anxiety

An unpleasant emotional state characterized by physics arousal and feelings of tension

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Anxiety disorder

A category of psychological disorders in which extreme anxiety is the main diagnostic feature and causes significant distribution in the persons cognitive behavior or interpersonal functioning

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Generalized anxiety disorder

An anxiety disorder characterized by excessive global and persistent symptoms of anxiety also called free-floating anxiety

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Panic attack

A sudden episode of extreme anxiety that rapidly escalates I. Intensity

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Panic disorder

An anxiety disorder which a person expiriences frequent and unexpected panic attacks

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Agoraphobia

An anxiety disorder involving the extreme and irrational fear of experiencing panic attacks in a public situation and being unable to escape or get help

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Specific phobia

An excessive intense and irrational fear of a specific object situation or activity that is actively avoided of endured with marked anxiety

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Amathophobia

Fear of dust

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Anemophpbia

Fear of wind

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Aphephobia

Fear of being touched

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Catotrophobia

Fear of breaking a mirror

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Ergo phobia

Fear of work of responsibly

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mood disorders

A category of mental disorders in which significant and persistent disruptions in mood or emotions cause impaired cognitive behavioral and physical functioning also called affective disorder

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Major depression

A mood disorder characterized by extreme and persistent feelings of despondency worthlessness and hopelessness

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Seasonal affective disorder

Mood disorder which episodes of depression occur during the fall and winter and subside during the spring and summer

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Cyclothymic

A mood disorder characterized by moderate but frequent mood swings that are not severe enough to qualify as bipolar

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Boardwalk e personality disorder

A personality disorder that is characterized by instability of interpersonal relations self-image and emotions and marked impulsivity

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Dissociative experience

A break or disruption in consciousness during which awareness memory and personal identity become separate or divorced

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Dissociative disorders

A category of psychological disorders in which extreme and frequent disruptions of awareness memory and personal identity impair the ability to function

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Dissociative amnesia

A dissociative disorder involving the partial or total inabilities to recall important personal information

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Dissociative fugue

A dissociative disorder involving sudden and unexpected travel away from home extensive amnesia and identity confusion

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Dissociative identity disorder

A dissociative disorder involving extensive memory disruptions along with the presence of two or more distinct identifies or personalities formerly called multiple personality disorder

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Schizophrenia

A psychological disorders in which the ability to function is impaired by severe distorted beliefs perceptions and thought process

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Biomedical therapy

The use of medications electro convulsions therapy or other medical treatments to treat the symptoms associated with the psychological disorders

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Short term dynamic therapies

Type if psychotherapy that is based on psychoanalytic theory but differs in that it is typically time limited had specific goals and involves an active rather than neutral role for the therapist

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Client centered therapy

A type of psychotherapy developed by humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers in which the therapist is no directive and reflective abs the client directs the focus of each therapy session also called person centered therapy

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Behavioral therapy

A type of psychotherapy that focuses on directly changing balsa price behavior patterns by using basic learning principals and techniques