Public health workshop Flashcards Preview

PH2110 > Public health workshop > Flashcards

Flashcards in Public health workshop Deck (10):
1

Definition on public health

The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts and informed choices of society

2

5 key health harming behaviours

Smoking
Excess alcohol
Unhealthy diet
Unhealthy BMI
Physical inactivity

3

Key messages for the public: smoking

Huge health benefits from stopping smoking
It is never too late to stop smoking, the earlier patient stops the better
More likely to succeed quitting using a combination of specialist behavioural support and pharmacotherapy than unaided

4

Key messages for the public: alcohol

For men and women who drink frequently: drink <14 units of alcohol; spread the max 14 units evenly over three or more days; have at least two drink free days a week

5

What is a unit of alcohol?

One UK unit is 10mL or 8g of pure alcohol

6

How to calculate alcohol units

Strength (ABV) x volume (mL) /1000 = units

7

Key messages for the public: healthy diet

Eat five or more portions of fruit or vegetables a day, a portion is what you can fit in the palm of your hand. Eat a balanced diet of the five different types of food, restrict your salt intake and drink plenty of fluids.

8

A poor diet can lead to...

Malnutrition
Obesity in all ages
Diabetes
Cardiovascular disease
Some cancers
Premature deaths

9

Key messages for the public: physical activity

At least 150 minutes of moderate activity a week, or at least 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity a week. Aerobic activity in bouts of at least 10 minutes duration, and muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days a week.

10

Maintaining a healthy weight and preventing excess weight gain: key messages

Encourage people to make changes in line with existing advice.
Encourage physical activity habits to avoid low energy expenditure.
Encourage dietary habits that reduce the risk of excess energy intake.