pulmoped Flashcards Preview

pediatrics > pulmoped > Flashcards

Flashcards in pulmoped Deck (19):
1

cyanosis with bilateral obstruction (relieved by crying)

choanal atresia

2

complications of common colds

otitis media; sinusitis; pneumonia

3

Tx of sinusitis

Coamoxcilav x14days

4

Dx for sinusitis caused by GABHS

rapid strep Ag test; throat culture

5

Tx for sinusitis caused by GABHS

Penicillin or Amoxicillin for 10 days

6

complications of GABHS

Rheumatic fever; PSGN; peritonsillar/retropharyngeal abscess

7

bacterial invasion through the capsule of the tonsils; tx are surgical drainage and antibiotics

peritonsillar abscess

8

where is the retropharyngeal space located

between the pharynx and the cervical vertebrae and extending down to the superior mediastinum

9

dse that can result from penetrating trauma to the oropharynx; dental infection; and vertebral osteomyelitis

retropharyngeal abscess

10

also called viral croup; acute inflammatory disease of the larynx(within the subglottic space); inspiratory stridor; barking cough;3mos-3yrs

laryngotracheobronchitis

11

most common etiology of laryngotracheobronchitis

parainfluenza virus

12

Neck xray finding in laryngotracheobronchitis

steeple sign(subglottic narrowing)

13

serious and rapidly progressive infection of supraglottic structures; acute onset of high fever dysphagia drooling muffled voice sniffing dog position;3-7yrs

acute epiglottitis

14

most common etiology of acute epiglottitis

H influenza b

15

xray finding in acute epiglottitis

thumbrint or leaf sign

16

Tx for acute epiglottitis

secure airway; IV antibiotics (3rd gen cephalosporin or AmpSulbactam)

17

acute inflammation of the small airways in children <2yrs old

bronchiolitis

18

most common cause of bronchiolitis

RSV

19

SSx of bronchiolitis

low-grade fever; rhinorrhea; cough; wheezing; hyperresonance to percussion