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Flashcards in nephroped Deck (18):
1

best single Ab titer to document skin infection in PSGN

DNAse antigen

2

indications for renal biopsy in PSGN

ARF; nephrotic syndrom; absence of evidence of strep infxn; normal complement levels; persistently low serum C3(more than 3mos)&renal fxn

3

last sign to disappear in PSGN

hematuria

4

most common chronic glomerular disease

IgA nephropathy

5

poor prognostic factors in IgA nephropathy

persistent HTN; diminished renal fxn; heavy/prolonged proteinuria

6

low-set ears; micrognathia; flat nose

Potter facies

7

presumed UTI

(+) urinalysis result; asymptomatic px; single organism with a colony greater than 100k

8

UTI dx

culture shows greater than 100k of single pathogen; 10000 olonies and the patient is symptomatic

9

most common cause of ARF in young children

Hemolytic-Uermic Syndrome

10

transmission of HUS

by undercooked meat and unpasteurized milk

11

peripheral smear in HUS

helmet cells; burr cells; fragmented RBCs

12

causes of transient proteinuria

fever; exercise; dehydration; cold exposure; CHF; seizure; stress

13

cause of tubular proteinuria

TIN; Wilson dse; heavy metal poisoning; ATN; PCKD

14

vaccines given to patients with nephrotic syndrome

pneumococcal vaccine; varicella; influenza

15

worst form of Nephrotic syndrome

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

16

pathophysiology of proteinuria in MCD

T-cell dysfunction leads to alteration of cytokines w/c causes loss of negatively charged glycoproteins w/in the glomerular capillary wall

17

usual causes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

S. pneumoniae; E. coli

18

pathophysiology of hyperlipidemia in Nephrotic syndrome

hypoalbuminemia stimulates generalized hepatic protein synthesis; increased urinary loss of lipoprotein lipase leading to decreased lipid catabolism leading to elevated serum lipid levels