PX- Chapter 10: Sustainable Design Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PX- Chapter 10: Sustainable Design Deck (64):
1

what aspects of a project does sustainability affect

the whole environmental impact- including the materials, conservation of energy, alternate energy sources, adaptive resuse, IAQ, recycling, reuse.

2

what does it mean when the book says that sustainable design considers the full life cycle of a building material- what's the full life cycle

for one material you look at impact of raw material extraction and fabrication, installation, operation, maintenence and displosal

3

are any green organizations mandatory

no, none are part of any building code but governmental entities or large corporations may require you to follow them

4

what types of LEED catogories are there ? (types of construction)

commercial interiors, new construction, existing buildings, core and shell development, homes, schools, retail, healthcare and neighbourhood developement

5

what is GBI in regards to sustainability

Green Building Initiative- produces the Green GLobes that promote environmentally sustainable building practices. Based on a 1000 point scale.

evaluates energy, indoor environment, site, water, resources, emissions and project management. Gets a rating of 1 to 4 globes

6

What is NAHB when it comes to sustainability

National Associate of Home Builders- Green Building Standard

partners with the ICC (international code council)- created standard that describes green building practices for single and mulfi family homes, residential remolding, site development.

Approved by ANSI

rating- get bronze silver gold or emerald

7

what is energy star when it comes to sustainable design

by the enironmental protection agency and the US department of energy.

For buildings- must design, build and manage projects in ways that save energy. After a year it's energy consumption is measured and compared. on a scale from 1-100. 75 or more gets an energy star label

8

what is CHPS when it comes to sustainability

COllaborative for High Performance Schools

from California- but now a national organization

selection and handling of building materials

9

what is BRE when it comes to sustainability

Building Research Establishemtn - environmental assessment method

British- reviewing and improving the environmental performance of buildings.

get a pass, good, very good, or excellent

10

what are some examples of green product certification companies and describe

BIFMA- has two ANSI approved standards for VOS's for office furniture

energy star product label- pretty basic
floor score- hard-surface flooring for IAQ as per California

Forest stewardship council
greenguard-tests indoor produts for emissions

Greenlabel Plus- for carpet- cushion and adhesive that conforms to CHPS

Green Seal- evaluates life-cycle of products
Green Format- web based database for self reporting sustainable properties of products. Verified though

ISO 14000- collection of standards that cover issues like performance, labeling, life-cycle assesment

UL Environment- part of Underwriters Labs- promotes the marketplace visibility of sustainable products, services and organizations

Water Sense- part of the EPA to help consumers identify water efficient products

11

what is the Life-cycle assessment (LSA) and what are the steps

evaluates the environmental impact of using a particular material or product of a building

1. determine the purpose or the goals of doing the study
2. inventory anaysis- hardet part- all of the inputs and outputs of the product
3. Impact assessment- analysis the effects found in the analysis like resource depletion
4. improvement analysis- suggestions on how to reduce the environmental impact

12

what are the four main stages of a product's life cycle

raw-material aquisition
manufacturing (and distribution)
use and maintenance (and installing)
displosal

13

what are some examples of an "input" for the LCA

energy, water, raw or intermediate materials

14

what are some examples of an "output" for the LCA

pollution, solid waste, waterborn waste, transportation

15

when it comes to renewable materials, what does LEED give credit for in regards to this

credit if you use rapidly renewable building materials for 5% of the total value. Life cycle of 10 years or less - plants

16

what are rapidly renewable materials

wool carpet, bamboo flooring, straw board, cotton batt insulation, lino, poplar oriented strand board (OSB), sunflower seed board and wheatgrass cabinetry

17

what is the embodied energy of a material

as little energy possible for it's extraction as a raw material, initial processing and subsequent manufacturing, transportation during life cycle. produce as little waste and pollution as possible

18

what would make a product more "green" when it comes to it's maintainability

if you don't have to use cleaners that are toxic or have VOC's

19

should you use recycled or salvaged material more often

salvaged because it's already existing

20

what items are good to salvage

doors, windows, cabinetry, furnishings and equipment

21

what types of metal are available with recycled contect

steel and aluminium

22

how can interior designers help with the problem of deforestation

use reclaimed wood, specifying sustainable or alternate materials (like engineered wood vs solid wood, MDF), using certified wood products, or use MDF for mouldings instead of wood or composite wood veneers made from fast growing trees

23

what type of interior design product can use recycled plastic

carpet or window frames

24

what are the four categories of groups of finishes

adhesives, flooring, wall finishes & ceiling finishes

25

why is it important to know about adhesives

because this can be the sustainable problem part, not the actual material

26

what types of materials require adhesives for their installation

carpet, resilient flooring, plams, sheet metal, wood veneers and some wallcoverings

27

what can you specify to help with adhevives and sustainability

a low VOC adhesive

28

what sustainability factors must you consder when picking a carpet

raw-material, raw-material disposal and IAQ.

29

what are good raw materials for carpet manufacturing

polyester and nylon blend carpet made from recycled pop drings (PET) or wool, also pick a recycled underpad

30

what type of carpet material can be recycled easily

Nylon 6 fiber

31

why are carpet tiles more sustainable than broadloom carpet

only a small number needs to be replaced with damaged and the adhesives tend out outgass less

32

what about a carpet is bad for IAQ

its construction & adhesive

construction- the backing (latex) is bad- alternate methods are available

33

why is vinyl flooring bad for sustainability

because it requires a lot of petrochemicals to be made and contains a lot of PVC that can't be disposed of easily

34

why is recycled rubber not a great sustainable choice for flooring

because it off gasses so use where you have lots of ventilation

35

what is sustainable about linoleum flooring

made from renewable products, biodegradable, waterproof, fire resistant and antibacterial

36

what are the sustainable pros and cons to cork flooring

pro- renewable resource of under 10 years and the forests are well managed

con- from countries far away so the transportation requires a lot of energy

37

what makes GWB not super sustainable

because it can't be recycled or disposed of easily

38

what is one factor about ceiling tiles that makes it good for recycling

it's cheaper to recycle then send to the landfil

39

what can you do to specify more sustainable furniture? Name some ways to pick sustainable stuff

- pick furniture with steel, solid wood and glass which are all really recycleable after they are discarded
- use cushions with PET plastic
- biodegradable fabrics
- use powder coating instead of standard paint

40

how can the interior designer help with energy efficiency in a building (don't describe yet)

1. building commissioning
2. Mechanical systems
3. Electricity Use
4. Plumbing

41

what is building commissioning in regards to energy efficiancy and sustainability

the process of inspecing, testing, starting up and adjusting building systems and verifying that they are operating as intended. The majority of building commissioning occurs during the design. We just have to make sure everything we designed is installed the way they were intended

42

what can the interior designer help with energy efficiency and the mechanical system?

- not use any mechanical system components that use CFC based refigerants
- use displacement ventilation- supply air originates at the floor level and rises to return air grilles in the ceiling. Doesn't need to be cooled or heated as much cause it comes out closer to the users- only really good for new construction though

43

at what temperature does mold grow at

40 to 100 Fahrenheit or 4 to 38 celcius

44

how can you contain or prevent mold

control moisture in places where it should not be, or use a material that does not provide a nutrient for mold to eat (organic material)

45

what are the main causes of poor IAQ

chemicals from indoor, chemicals from outdoor, biological contaminates and poor ventilation

46

what is the most common source of poor IAQ

contaminates from indoor sources

47

what is a biological contaminant when it comes to IAQ

mold, bacteria, viruses developed from moisture infiltration or from bird poo

48

what are the three classifications of symptoms of poor IAQ

1. Sick Building Syndrom (SBS)- symptoms disappear once they leave the building. Can't pinpoint the exact cauase

2. Building-related illness(BRI)- can pinpoint the cause of the illness- symptoms may not improve once they leave- the building gave them a cold

3. Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)- expore to VOC's or other chemicals- develop long term sensitivity to certain chemicals. Life long thing

49

what can an interior designer to do to help with poor IAQ

1. Eliminate or reduce sources of pollution- low VOC finishes, finishes resistant to mold, suggest to the client to run the HVAC system for 2 weeks before ppl move in

2. Control Ventilation- confirm with mechanical guy that minimum outdoor air ventiloation is being provided, provide separate rooms and vents for equipment that emits high concentration of pollutants like a big copier

3. Establish good maintenence procedures- we have little control over this but we can provide it. can also pick finishes that are easy to clean and maintain

50

what is the Clean Air Act (CAA)

regulates air emissions from area, stationary and mobile sources to protect public health and the environment

51

what is ANSI/ASHRAE standard 62.1

ventilation for acceptable indor air quality- industry standard but compliance is voluntary

sets minimum outdoor air requirements for ventilation, managing sources of contamination and controlling humidity, filtering and maintenance of HVAC system

52

what is ANSI/ASHRAE standard 62.2

ventilation and acceptable IAQ in low rise residential buildings- same as above but for 3 stories or less

53

what year was lead paint banned and stopped being used

1978

54

what is adaptive reuse

reusing as much of the existing building stock as possible instead of constructing new buildings- turning an old warehouse into a residence is an example

55

why is recycling materials difficult

because you have to separate the different substances so they can be individually recycled which is done by hand usually. costs a lot.

56

what is a biobased product and what are some examples

a product made with plant or animal material as the main ingredient

adhesives, composite panels, GWB susbstrates, ceiling tiles, carpet backing

57

what is a coproduct

marketable byproduct from a processes that were traditionally thought of as waste but can be used as raw materials in a different fabrication process

58

what is the definition of sustainable

the condition of being able to meet the needs of the present generation with out compromising the needs of future generations

59

what are two ways to reduce the lighting required in a space that has nothing to do with the type of fixture you pick

use daylighting
use reflective materials/finishes

60

where does much of a building's energy consumption come from

heating and cooling the building

61

what is one way you can reduce the cost of heating and cooling a building at each room

provide personal temperature controls and flexible underfloor wiring

62

what is the one cause of poor IAQ that I keep forgetting

poor ventilation- inadequate supply of fresh air so pollutants don't get diluted or flushed out

63

when specifying finishes and thinking about sustainability, what factors about a finish should you consider- what sustainable things are the most important

durable so you don't have to replace it often
biodegradable
recyclable

64

what are some ways a designer can reduce water usage in a building

low flow or flor restrictors
touch less or sensored faucets
water efficient appliances?
install meters to monitor water use or detect leaks.