Chapter 22: Communication Methods Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22: Communication Methods Deck (23)
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what scales should never be used

3/32 and 3/16 because they are too close to 1/8 and 1/4


what is a graphic scale

a visual scale put on your drawings so that if someone blows them up or shrinks them you can still scale things from it. like a map scale. Good for presentations or publication


what is an orthographic drawing

a three d object may be represented in two dimensions- like an elevation


at what height is a floor plan cut at

about 5'


what are elevation drawings good for showing

vertical dimensions, types and extent of materials that can't be described on plan, some more detailed horizontal dimensions that are better seen at this larger scale


what is an axonometric drawing

a 3d drawing with the axis rotated so you can see more of it.

three types isometric, dimitric, trimetric


what is an isometric drawing

object is tilted in relation to a picture plane. all lines from the object are parallel. usually 30 degrees from a straight line running across the page. all angles are equal at the top corner


what is a dimetric drawing

two angles are the same at the top corner


what is trimetric drawing

no angles are the same at the top corner


what is an oblique drawing

if you took an elevation face and made it 3d. one face is like you're looking straight on


what is the advantage to using an oblique drawing

that if you're using the plan as the base, you can use the plan with out any redrawing. the plan is just tilted however much you want however you have to compensate for things looking too tall


what is the station point of a 2 point perspective

the point where you are standing in plan to view the plan from.


what would make the size of the perspective decrease or increase

placing the picture plane (line at the plan) further backfrom the plan that you're drawing from up top makes it wider . best to put it at an inside corner


in a 2 point perspective, how do you determine how much of the two sides of an object will be visible

by the angle of the plan you place at the top to draw from


what part of a 2 point perspective is the only part actually to scale

where the picture plane hits the plan at your selected inside corner. aka true height line


what is better a 3d drawing or model for client presentations



what important things need to be in a programming and anaysis report

goals and objectives
summary of space needs
space adjacencies (bubble diagrams)
code requirements
analysis of existing space
budget and schedule requirements
programming concepts


how does a designer typically communicate finishes and materials to a client

sample boards showing exact samples


in a rendering- hand or 3d- what is the most important quality of the rendering to make it seem more natural and three dimensional

the quality of light cause it produces shade and shadow that add complexity


when making a presentation- when might you not require material boards or a formal presentation

when you are doing residential design vs commercial design


what are the goals of a client presentation, regardless of the size or complexity of the project

client comments
approval to proceed to the next phase


after what design phases do you typically have client presentations

programming- to gather info to move on to the design development phase

design development- in order to start construction drawings


besides the typical goals for a client presentation, what are some possible other goals of a presentation

uncover info
sell design services
communicate design solutions