Quiz 1 Appendix A Flashcards Preview

CNS > Quiz 1 Appendix A > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 1 Appendix A Deck (83):
1

Chordata

Phylum in which man is classified

2

Vertebrata

Subphylum in which man is classified

3

Primate

Order in which man is classified

4

Homo sapiens

Proper way to write the genus & species of man

5

Adenohypophsis

Anterior & intermediate portions of the pituitary gland

6

Neurohypophysis

Posterior pituitary or "pars nervosa"

7

Hypophysis Cerebi

Pituitary gland (entire structure)

8

Epiphysis Cerebri

Pineal gland

9

Embryo

Name given to the developing human prior to the end of the 2nd month of gestation

10

Fetus

Name applied to the developing human after the 2nd month through parturition (birth)

11

Neonate

Newborn infant

12

Dentate

Notched or toothlike

13

Arcuate

Arranged like an arch

14

Striae

Groove or streak-like formation

15

Rectus

Means straight

16

Reticular

Net-like

17

Fissure

Deep groove

18

Sulcus

Shallow groove

19

Gryus

Tortuous convolution. Usually found b/t sulci or fissures of the cerebrum

20

Folia

Small page like gryi of the cerebellum

21

Nuclei

Cluster or group of neuron cell bodies located w/in the CNS

22

Ganglia

Cluster or group of neuron cell bodies w/in the PNS

23

Perikaryon

Uses synonymously w/ the cell body of the neuron

24

Axon

A process of a neuron which carries the impulse AWAY from the cell body

25

Dendrite

A process (often several) of a neuron which carries a charge or impulse TOWARD the cell body

26

Fiber

A neuron has a dominantly LONG process can be called a fiber

27

Ramus

Means branch

28

Axolemma

Name often applied to the outer plasma membrane of an axon

29

Neurilemma

Covering around a neuron fiber created by a surrounding cell (may or not be myelinated)

30

Vertebral canal (neural canal)

Passageway created by the continuous nature of the vertebral foramina

31

Central canal

Tiny channel found w/in the spinal cord & the inferior medulla oblongata

32

Aqueduct

Passageway

33

Leptomeninx

THIN membrane. Collective term for the arachnoid mater & pia mater

34

Pachymeninx

THICK membrane, Used synonymously w/ the dura mater

35

Somesthetic

To sense the body

36

Modality

Specific sensory entity, such as taste, smell, pain

37

Proprioception

Subconscious awareness of the body position & muscle movement

38

Kinesthesia

Conscious awareness of the body position & muscle movement

39

Adrenergic

Releasing of adrenalin-like molecules @ a target site ( norepinephrine included)

40

Cholinergic

Releasing of choline- like molecules @ target site ( acetycholine)

41

Chiasma

A crossing- usually relating to the crossing of the OPTIC FIBERS

42

Decussation

A crossing- used more liberally to indicate crossing of fibers & tracts in the CNS

43

Fungal

Traveling away from (used often as a suffix)

44

Myelopathy

Lesion of the spinal cord

45

Necrosis

Death

46

Idiopathic

Generally used to mean something of unknown cause

47

Ischemia

Means to suppress blood supply to an area (can lead to necrosis)

48

Hematoma

Accumulation of blood outside the blood vessels

49

Aneurysm

Abnormal dilation of a blood vessel wall & it Lumen

50

Stroke

Blood vascular loss in the CNS leading to permanent or prolonged brain damage

51

Angiography

X-ray of blood vessels injected w/ radiopaque dyes

52

Myelography

X-ray of vertebral canal & spinal cord structures following injection of radiopaque dyes into the CSF

53

Ataxia

General term for irregularity in skeletal muscle coordination

54

Paralysis

Partial or total loss of normal motor function

55

Aphasia

Inability to communicate by speech, writing, or signs

56

Dysphasia

Partial or unusual loss of communicative ability

57

Archi

Prefix meaning beginning or original

58

Paleo

Pre-fix meaning old

59

Neo

Pre-fix meaning new

60

Cauda Equina

Horses' tail

61

Cephalgia

Headache

62

Cornu

Horn-like projection

63

Crus

Leg or leg like

64

Cytoarchitecture

The pattern of cell arrangements

65

Falx

Sickle shaped

66

Fenestra

Window-like

67

Glial

Glue-like

68

Operculum

Means lid or covering

69

Pallium

To "cloak" used synonymously w/ cortex

70

Pons

Bridge. Located b/t the M.O & the midbrain

71

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

72

TIA

Transient Ischemic Attack

73

DRG

Dorsal Root Ganglia

74

IVF

Intervertebral foramen

75

EEG

Electroencephalogram (used to pick up brain waves)

76

CAT

Computerized Axial Tomography device

77

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

78

PET

Positron Emission Tomography (Device using radioactively labeled compounds for functional analysis)

79

M.O.

Medulla Oblongata

80

M.S.

Multiple Sclerosis

81

ALS

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

82

GABA

Gamma Aminobutyric Acid. Amino acid which is common inhibitory CNS neurotransmitter

83

ACH

Acetylcholine