Quiz #1: Social, Cultural And Spiriutal Context Of Psychiatric Nursing Care Flashcards Preview

NURS 419 > Quiz #1: Social, Cultural And Spiriutal Context Of Psychiatric Nursing Care > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz #1: Social, Cultural And Spiriutal Context Of Psychiatric Nursing Care Deck (14)
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1

Disparities in Mental Health Care in Minorities

-Striking disparities are found for racial, ethnic and sexual minorities.
-Greater burden of mental illness on minorities
-Cultural competency is a necessary step in the elimination of these disparities and treatment of mental illness.

2

Functions of Culture include

-Perception
-Motives
-Behavior
-Identity
-Values
-Communication
-Emotions

3

Perception of Reality

Based on a cultural interpretation

4

Motives for behavior are conditioned by

Values of a culture

5

Personal behavior reflects

Integration of cultural norms

6

Cultural Desire

Motivation of nurse to want to engage in becoming culturally competent

7

Cultural Awarenss

Conscious self-examination and in-depth exploration of one’s own personal biases, stereotypes, prejudices and assumptions about people who are different.

8

Cultural Knowledge

Seeking and obtaining a sound educational base about different cultures

9

Cultural Skill

Collecting relevant cultural data regarding patient’s presenting problem and perform culturally based assessment

10

Cultural Encounters

Face-to-face interactions with culturally diverse patients

11

Sociocultural Stressors Include

1. Disadvantagement: Lack of socioeconomic resources
2. Discrimination: Differential treatment not based on merit
3. Intolerance
4. Prejudice: Preconceived, unfavorable belief about individuals or groups that disregards thought or reason
5. Racism
6. Stereotype
7. Stigma: Attribute or trait by the person’s social environment as unfavorable

12

Implications to Assessment, Diagnosis and Treatment

-Using sociocultural information is NOT stereotyping. Knowledge, thought, reason, and common sense/intuition need to be used though
-Central responsibility of the nurse is to understand what the illness means to the patient
-Therapeutic nurse-patient interactions
-Support adaptive patient beliefs and strive to incorporate them into nurse-patient interactions

13

Psychopharmacology and Culture

-Patient’s ethnicity, gender, beliefs, and age can impact pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, effectiveness, and side-effect risks
-Herbal medicines and alternative therapies are used extensively by many different people in the U.S. (e.g., St. Johns Wart)

14

Risk and Protective Factors

-Risk: individual characteristics that increase potential for illness onset, decrease the potential for recovery or both (i.e poverty)
-Protective: can decrease potential for illness onset, increase the potential for recovery or both. (I.e spirituality, religion, social support)