Quiz 11 (Urinary, and reproduction) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Lab > Quiz 11 (Urinary, and reproduction) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 11 (Urinary, and reproduction) Deck (120):
1

Functions of the kidneys include (4)

Maintaining body homeostasis
water balance
blood pressure
eliminating waste products

2

Where structures enter/ext the kidney

renal hilus

3

shorter of the two nephron types

cortical nephrons

4

longer of the two nephron types

juxtamedullary nephron

5

why are the juxtamedullary nephrons longer

more absorption

6

outer layer of the kidney

renal cortex

7

portions of renal cortex that project inwardly towards the medulla and separate the renal pyramids

renal columns

8

contains the renal pyramids and papilla

renal medulla

9

16-18 of these per kidney, part of the renal medulla

renal pyramids

10

tip of the renal pyramids that project into the renal sinus

renal papilla

11

structures of the renal sinus

renal pelvis
minor calyx
major calyx

12

2 or more major calyx

renal pelvis

13

cuplike structures that catch filtrate from renal papilla

minor calyx

14

first point the filtrate becomes urine

minor calyx

15

2 or more minor calyx

major calyx

16

functional units of the kidney

cortical and juxtamedullary nephrons

17

three functions of the nephrons

glomerular filtration
tubular secretion
tubular reabsorption

18

the bowman's capsule and glomerulus form this

renal corpuscle

19

cup shaped bulbs where filtration takes place

renal corpuscle

20

surrounds glomerulus

bowman's capsule

21

capillary network in the renal corpuscle

glomerulus

22

proximal tube structure

proximal convoluted tubule

23

decending and ascending limbs

loop of henle

24

distal tube structure

distal convoluted tubule

25

most distal portion of distal convoluted tubule

collecting/connecting tubule

26

filtrate from several nephrons empty into this structure

collecting duct

27

where collecting duct passes by the renal papillae (continuous with collecting duct)

papillary duct (within renal papillae)

28

blood enters the glomerulus through via this

afferent arteriole

29

blood exits the glomerulus tia this

efferent arteriole

30

juxtaglomerular apparatus is composed of these cell types

cells of the distal convoluted tubule and afferent arteriole

31

the juxtaglomerular apparatus does this

regulates blood pressure

32

tube carrying urine away from kidney

ureters

33

recieves urine from ureters

urinary bladder

34

cell type in the urinary bladder

transitional epithelium for stretch, temporary storage

35

urethra structures in the male (in order of passing through from the urinary bladder)

prostatic urethra
memberanous urethra
spongy urethra

36

urethra structures in the female

urethra

37

Filtrate and urine pathway

glomerular (bowmen's) capsule
proximal convoluted tubule
decending loop of henle
ascending loop of henle
distal convoluted tubule
collecting/connecting tubule
collecting duct
papillary duct
minor calyx
major calyx
renal pelvis
kidney
ureters
urinary bladder
various urethras depending on sex
external urethral orifice

38

pouch of skin suspended inferior to the perineum and anterior to the anus

scrotum

39

the dermis of the scrotum contains a layer of smooth muscle called, assists in elevation of the testies

dartos muscle

40

skeletal muscle that lies deep to the dermis in the scrotum

cremaster muscle

41

dense finberous layer that surrounds the testis and is covered by the tunica vaginalis

tunica albuginea

42

roughly 800 slender tubes that are nearly .5 miles long and are the site of sperm production

seminiferous tubules

43

serous membrane that covers the outside of each testis and lines the scrotal cavity

tunica vaginalis

44

tissue lining the epididymis

pseudostratified columnar epithelium with long sterocilia

45

lies along the posterior border of the testis, and is the p;lace the spermatozoa develop after leaving the seminiferous tubules

epididymis

46

two tissues of the ductus deferns

pseudostratifited columnar epithelium with sterocilia
smooth muscle

47

transports and stores spermatozoa for several months after leaving the epididymis

ductus deferns

48

short passage that penetrates the muscular wall of the prostate gland and empties into the urethra

ejaculatory duct

49

Narrow canals linking the scrotal chambers with the peritoneal cavity which the spermatic cords pass through

inguinal canal

50

consist of layers of fascia, tough connective tissue, and muscle enclosing the blood vessels, nerves, lymphatics supplying the testes

spermatic cords

51

part of the spermatic cord that is associated with the testicular vein

pampiniform plexus

52

extremely active secretory glands with pseudostratified columnar epithelial lining

seminal vesicles

53

seminal vesicle secretions make up this amount of the volume of semen, excretion contains prostaglandins, clotting proteins, high concentrations of fructose

60%

54

small muscular, rounded organ.that produces a weakly acidic secretion that contributes 20-30 % of the volume of semen

prostate gland

55

tissue types composing the prostate gland

compound tubuloalveolar glands
simple/pseudostratified columnar epithelium

56

part of male urethra that passes through the prostate

prostatic urethra

57

glands located in the base of the penis, produce a thick, sticky alkaline mucus

bulbo-urethral glands

58

another name for bulbo-urethral gland

cowper's glands

59

muscular layer that extends between the pubic bones

urogenital diaphragm

60

tissue type of the bulbo-urethral glands

simple cuboidal and simple columnar epithelium

61

shortest segment of the urethra in males that passes through the urogenital diaphragm

membranous urethra

62

two cylindrical structures that are seperated by a thing septum and encircled by a dense collagenous sheath

corpora cavernosa

63

at their bases the corpora cavernosa diverge into these structures

crura

64

tissue that surrounds the spongy urethra

corpus spongiosum

65

the thickened proximal end of the corpus spongiosum

bulb

66

urethra that passes thorugh the corpus spongiosum

spongy (penile) urethra

67

foreskin, folds that surrounds the tip of the penis

prepuse

68

the expanded distal end that surrounds the external urethral orifice

glans penis

69

external opening of the urethra

external urethral orifice

70

orchiectomy

removal of a testis

71

skin of the neck and the inner surface of the prepuce secrete a waxy material called

smegma

72

surgical removal of the prepuce

circumcision

73

female gamates are formed here

ovaries

74

extensive mesentry that encloses the ovaries, uterine tubes, and uterus

broad ligament

75

extends from the lateral surface of the ovary past the open end of the uterine tube to the pelvic wall

suspensory ligament

76

extends from the lateral wall of the uterus near the attachment of the uterine tube to the medial surface of the ovary

ovarian ligament

77

ferilization occurs here and communicates between the ovaries and uterus

uterine tubes

78

a short segment adjacent to the uterine wall after the ampulla

isthmus

79

intermediate portion of the uterine tube, thickness of the smooth muscle layers in the wall of the ampulla greatly increases as it approaches the uterus

ampulla

80

the end closest to the ovary forms and expanded funnel with numerous fingerlike projections that extend into the pelvic cavity

infundibulum

81

The finger like projections in the infundibulum are call this

fimbriae

82

provides mechanical protection, nutritional support, and waste removal for the developing embryo and fetus.

uterus

83

uterus bends anteriorly near its base

anteflexion

84

uterus bends backwards toward the sacrum

retroflexion

85

largest region of the uterus

body (corpus)

86

rounded portion of the body superior to the attachment of the uterine tubes

fundus

87

structure between the cervical canal and internal orifice

uterine cavity

88

the internal opening of the uterus

internal orifice/os

89

inferior portion that extends from the isthmus to the vagina

cervix

90

the external os leads into this, which is a constricted passageway that opens into the uterine cavity

cervical canal

91

within the vagina the distal end of the cervix forms a curving surface surroundsing this external opening of the uterus

external os

92

layers of the uterine wall (internal to external)

endometrium
myometrium
perimetrium

93

muscular outer wall of the uterus

myometrium

94

inner glandular wall of the uterus

endometrium (mucosa)

95

incomplete outer serosal layer of the uterus

perimetrium

96

makes up 10% of uterus mass

endometrium

97

makes up 90% of the uterus mass

myometrium

98

elastic, muscular tube extending from the cervix of the uterus to the vestibule, a space bounded by the external genitalia

vagina

99

shallow recesses surrounding the cervical protrusion in the vagina

anterior/posterior fornices (sing, fornix)

100

Look up what this is

vaginal orifice

101

the vagina and vestibule are separated by an elastic epithelial fold which may portially or completely block the entrance to the vagina

hymen

102

part of the outer limits of the vulva are established by this prominent bulge which is formed by adipose tissue beneath the skin anterior to the pubic symphysis

mons pubis

103

adipose tissues accumulates within this fleshy structure which are homologous to the scrotum of males

labia majora

104

bounds the vaginal vestibule which is a structure covered in smooth, hairless skin

labia manora

105

the vagina opens into this space

vestibule

106

anterior to the urethral opening which projects into the vestibule. internally it contains erectile tissue homolgous with the corpora cavernosa in males

clitoris (glans)

107

extension of the labia minora which encircles the body of the clitoris, hood

prepuce

108

these discharge secretions onto the exposed surface of the vestibule and into the vestibule near the posterolateral margins of the vaginal entrance. Resemble the bulbo-urethral glands of the male

vestibular glands

109

small conical projection where ducts of underlying mammary glands open onto the body surface

nipple

110

reddish brown skin surrounding each nipple. presence of large sebaceous glands

areola

111

ducts leaving the lobules converge and give rise to this structure within the breast

lactiferous duct

112

Homologous structures: corpus spongiosum

vestibular bulb

113

Homologous structures: testes

ovaries

114

Homologous structures: scrotum

labia majora

115

Homologous structures: corpora cavernosa

clitoris

116

Homologous structures: bulbo-urethral gland

vestibular glands (greater)

117

Homologous structures: vas deferens

round ligament

118

Homologous structures: prostate gland

skene's gland

119

Pathway of sperm

seminiferous tubules
epididymis
vas deferens
ampulla of vas deferens
ejaculatory duct
prostatic urethra
membranous urethra
spongy urethra
external urethral orifice

120

erectile tissue that grips the penis as it enters the vagina

vestibular bulbs