Quiz 9 (Respiratory) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 9 (Respiratory) Deck (66):
1

Bones of the nasal septum

vomer
perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
hyaline cartilage

2

nostrils

external nares

3

opening behind the nasal conchae

internal nares

4

functions of the nasal conchae

create turbulence
slow air movement
additional time for warming, humidification, and dust removal

5

Three nasal conchae

superior/middle/inferior conchae

6

grooves under each of the three nasal conchae

superior/middle/inferior meatuses

7

Functions of the paranasal sinuses

lighten skull
moisten air
sound resonance
produce mucus

8

4 paranasal sinuses

maxillary sinuses
frontal sinuses
ethmoid sinuses
sphenoid sinuses

9

Three regions of the pharynx

nasopharynx
oropharynx
laryngopharnx

10

structures in the nasopharynx

pharyngeal tonsil
opening of auditory tube

11

nasopharynx goes from here to here

internal nares to uvula

12

tissue of the nasopharynx

psudostratfied ciliated columnar epithelium

13

oropharynx goes from here to here

uvula to epiglottis

14

tissue of the oropharynx

nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium

15

tissue of the of laryngopharynx

nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium

16

voice box, from superior edge of thyroid cartilage to inferior edge of cricoid cartilage

larynx

17

vocal cords (or ligaments)

false vocal cords (vestibular folds)
true vocal cords

18

superior, no role in sound production, keep food out of the glottis

false vocal cords

19

play role in sound production, inferior

true vocal cords

20

narrowed passageway through the larynx

glottis

21

unpaired cartilage of the larynx

thyroid cartilage
cricoid cartilage
epiglottis

22

paired cartilage of the larynx

arytenoid cartilage
corniculate cartilage
cuneiform cartilage

23

middle known as the adams apple, made of hyaline cartilage

thyroid cartilage

24

inferior to thyroid cartilage, wraps all the way around, hyaline cartilage

cricoid cartilage

25

covers glottis while swallowing

epiglottis

26

These two structures are elastic cartilage

epiglottis
cuneiform cartilage

27

posterior on the cricoid, largest and most inferior, hyaline cartilage

arytenoid cartilage

28

posterior on the cricoid, smallest and in the middle, hyaline cartilage

corniculate cartilage

29

posterior on the cricoid, most superior

cuneiform cartilage

30

Everything inferior to this and including this structure is in the thoracic cavity

trachea

31

wind pipe

trachea

32

tissue of the wind pipe

pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

33

tracheal cartilage type

hyaline cartilage

34

discribe the tracheal cartilage (rings)

rings around the anterior and lateral sides of trachea that do not gow all the way around the posterior side

35

reason for tracheal ring shape

accommodate change in esophagus

36

posterior side of the trachea, allows the diameter of the trachea to change while breathing in and out, connects the tracheal rings posteriorly

Trachealis muscle

37

Two parts of the respiratory tract

upper and lower

38

two zones of the respiratory tract

respiratory zone
conducting zone

39

functions of the lungs

exchange of gases
regulation of blood pH
sound production
filtering of air

40

path air takes to get to lungs that has no gas exchange

conduction zone

41

gas exchange occurs in this zone

respiratory zone

42

conduction zone pathway

nasopharynx
oropharynx
laryngopharynx
larynx
trachea
carina
primary bronchi
secondary bronchi
tertiary bronchi
bronchioles
terminal bronchioles

43

respiratory zone pathway

respiratory broncheioles
alveolar ducts
alveolar sacs
alveoli

44

supply air to bronchopulmonary segments

tertiary bronchi

45

where trachea biforcates into right and left primary bronchi

carina

46

approx. 25 orders of branching total of these in the lung

bronchi

47

one of these for each lobe of the lung

secondary bronchi

48

lobes of the right lung

superior
middle
inferior

49

lobes of the left lung

superior
inferior

50

which lung is larger

right

51

space where lymphatic tissue, bronchi, blood vessels enter and exit the lung

hilum

52

lobes of lungs

right has 3
left has 2

53

fissure present on both lungs

oblique fissure

54

fissure on the right lobe only

horizontal fissure

55

oblique fissure seperates these lobes

right-middle/inferior
left-superior/inferior

56

horizontal fissure seperates these lobes

right-middle and superior lobe

57

small compartments in each bronchopulmonary segment

lobules

58

make up the lobules where gas exchange occurs

alveoli

59

alveoli produce this for this reason

surfactant to keep alveoli from collapsing

60

serous membrane that adheres directly to lungs

visceral pleura

61

serous membrane that lines the thoracic cavity

parietal pleura

62

space between the pleural membranes

pleural cavity

63

primary muscle of the respiratory system, lungs sit on it

diaphragm

64

diaphragm is innterfvated by

phrenic nerve

65

strong aponeurosis situated at the center of the diaphragm that serves as the tendon insertion for all muscular fibers of the diaphragm

central tendon

66

Pulmonary arteries are more this, than pulmonary veins

resilient