Quizzies (Typical Cervical Vertebrae C3-C6) Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > Quizzies (Typical Cervical Vertebrae C3-C6) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quizzies (Typical Cervical Vertebrae C3-C6) Deck (57)
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Which mammals have less than seven cervical vertebrae?

Two-toed sloth, manatee

1

Which mammals have more than seven cervical vertebrae?

Ant bear, three-toed sloth

2

Which vertebrae are typical cervicals?

C3-C6

3

Which vertebrae are atypical cervicals?

C1, C2, C7

4

What is the shape of the typical cervical vertebral body from the cranial view?

Rectangular

5

What is the appearance for the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

Posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

6

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?

Posterior or kyphotic

7

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?

The intervertebral disc height

8

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve?

Anterior or lordotic

9

At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

10

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

Anterior groove, posterior groove, right and left uncinate processes

11

What are the names of the lateral modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim?

Uncinate process, uniform process, uncovertebral process, uncus or lateral lip

12

What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

Anterior lip, posterior lip, right and left lateral grooves

13

What are the names given to the lateral modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim?

Lateral groove or enchancrure

14

What is the joint classification for the posterior lip-posterior groove articulation?

Fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

15

What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

Modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

16

What is the joint classification for the spongy bone-intervertebral disc articulation?

Cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

17

How many joint surfaces are present on the upper surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

Five

18

How many joint surfaces are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

Five

19

How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

Ten

20

How many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

Four

21

What muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body?

The longus colli muscle

22

What is the orientation and angulation of the pedicle of a typical cervical?

Posterolateral, 45 degrees

23

What ligament attaches to the lamina of a typical cervical?

Ligamentum flavum

24

What joint classification will be associated with the ligamentum flavum and its attachment?

Fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

25

Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will result in what feature?

Para-articular processes

26

Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will be associated with which classification of bone?

Accessory bone

27

What is the outline of the vertebral foramen of a typical cervical vertebra?

Heart-shaped or triangular

28

Ossification within the length of the ligamentum flavum will be associated with which classification of bone?

Heterotopic bone

29

Which is the greatest diameter of the vertebral foramen of typical cervicals?

Transverse