Regulation of the Cardiovascular System 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Regulation of the Cardiovascular System 2 Deck (10):
1

Potent vasodilator

Nitric Oxide- Produced in vascular endothelium by nitric oxide synthase

2

NO is anti-atherogenic; decreased NO associated with greatly increased risk for _____

atherosclerosis

3

Nitric oxide synthase highly susceptible to CV disease risk factors e.g., components of____

cigarette smoke.

4

Endothelin

potent vasoconstrictor, produced by vascular endothelium

5

Angiotensin I cleaved by Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) to _______= vasoconstrictor.

Angiotensin II

6

Angiotensin II is a

vasoconstrictor.

7

ACE inhibitors & Angiotensin II receptor blockers = Therapeutics for treatment of _________

hypertension & heart failure

8

Angiotensin I cleaved by ________ to Angiotensin II (AII) = vasoconstrictor.

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE)

9

ALDOSTERONE
a steriod hormone that promotes Na and water resulting in ________

Increases blood volume and blood pressure

10

ANTI-DIURETIC HORMONE (ADH, Arginine Vasopressin)

Increases water reabsorption in kidney
increases blood volume and pressure
Vasoconstrictor