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Flashcards in Repro Anat Deck (14):

what is the major blood supply to she pelvis?

internal iliac artery (hypogastric artery) and its branches


what is the major parasympathetic innervation of the pelvis?

innervation is via s2, s3, and s4 which forms the pudendal nerve


what is the major sympathetic innervation of the pelvis?

internal iliac plexus


what is the treatment of a bartholin gland cyst?

i & d followed by marsupialization (the surgical technique of cutting a slit into an abscess or cyst and suturing the edges of the slit to form a continuous surface from the exterior surface to the interior surface of the cyst or abscess. Sutured in this fashion, the site remains open and can drain freely), packing or placement of a Word catheter.


t or f: bartholin gland cysts are often painful and heavily symptomatic

FALSE! mostly asymptomatic


t or f: bartholin gland abscesses are typically asymptomatic

FALSE - painful and with symptoms


this is the narrow inferior portion of the uterus that is located at the apex of the vagina



where do the majority of cervical caners arise?

within the transformation zone (the area of metaplasia where columnar changes to squamous) - over 90% of lower genital tract neoplasia arise from here


what is the difference between a total hysterectomy and a supracervical one?

total is the cervix and uterus; supra allows the cervix to remain


what is the blood supply to the uterus?

uterine arteries (from the hypogastric artery) and the ovarian arteries (from the aorta)


where are the fallopian tubes occluded for permanent sterilization?



what is the widest part of the fallopian tube called?

ampulla (also the most common site of ectopic pregnancy)


t or f: the ovaries are covered by peritoneum



what serves as a landmarks in determining the station of the fetus?

the ischial spines - remember the most importation is 0 station which means the leading edge of the fetus head is at the ischial spine