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2

When 'ESTROGEN' is present, what happens to the female germ cell 'OOCYTE'?

BEGINS TO MATURE

3

What hormone must be present in order for a 'FEMALE' germ cell 'OOCYTE' to 'MATURE'?

ESTROGEN

4

A 'FOLLICLE' that is exposed to 'ESTROGEN' goes through a series of complex steps to mature. There are 4 basic steps, what are they?

1. PRIMARY FOLLICLE
2. SECONDARY FOLLICLE
3. TERTIARY FOLLICLE
4. EGG RELEASED INTO OVIDUCT

5

What is the 'LARGE MATURE FOLLICLE' that develops during the cycle called?

GRAFFIAN FOLLICLE

6

There are 2 main 'HORMONES' thare are released from the 'OVARIES'. What are they?

1. ESTROGENS
2. PROGESTERONE

7

'ESTROGENS' encompass several different hormones. What are the 3 different hormones?

1. ESTRADIOL
2. ESTRIOL
3. ESTRONE

8

What is the 'MAIN' 'ESTROGEN' that is secreted from the 'OVARIES'?

ESTRADIOL

9

'ESTROGEN' is produced in 'FEMALES' from 3 different places. What are the 3 places?

1. FOLLICLE
2. CORPUS LUTEUM
3. PLACENTA

10

What are the effects of 'ESTROGEN' in the 'FEMALE' system development?

STIMULATES DEVELOPMENT OF 'SECONDARY SEX STRUCTURES'

11

'ESTROGEN' also has an effect on one of the 'UTERINE WALLS'. Which 'UTERINE WALL' does it affect and what happens?

MYOMETRIUM

STIMULATES MYOMETRIAL CONTRACTIONS

(*MNEMONIC - ME)

12

'ESTROGEN' has the ability to 'INHIBIT' what other hormone?

FSH (FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE)

13

'PROGESTERONE' is produced in 'FEMALES' from 2 different places. What are the 2 places?

1. CORPUS LUTEUM
2. PLACENTA

14

'PROGESTERONE' also has an effect on one of the 'UTERINE WALLS'. Which 'UTERINE WALL' does it affect and what happens?

MYOMETRIUM

'INHIBITS' MYOMETRIUM CONTRACTIONS

(*MNEMONIC - PRO-INHIBITION)

15

What does 'PROGESTERONE' inhibit?

MYOMETRIUM

'INHIBITS' MYOMETRIUM CONTRACTIONS

(*MNEMONIC - PRO-INHIBITION)

16

What are the effects of 'ESTROGEN' in the 'FEMALE' system development?

STIMULATES DEVELOPMENT OF 'SECONDARY SEX STRUCTURES'

17

The 'CESSATION' of 'menses' or 'MENARCHE' (mensturation) is also called what two things?

1. MENOPAUSE
2. CLIMACTERIC

18

From 'PUBERTY' to 'MENOPAUSE' in 'FEMALES'. There are 8 things than occur, what are they?

1. BREAST CHANGE
2. MENSTRUATION CHANGE
3. RHYTHMIC OVARY CHANGES
4. MYOMETRIUM CHANGES
5. VAGINAL CHANGE
6. HORMONE SECRETION CHANGES
7. BODY TEMPERATURE CHANGES
8. MOOD CHANGES

19

What would the following by sings of:

1. BREAST CHANGE
2. MENSTRUATION CHANGE
3. RHYTHMIC OVARY CHANGES
4. MYOMETRIUM CHANGES
5. VAGINAL CHANGE
6. HORMONE SECRETION CHANGES
7. BODY TEMPERATURE CHANGES
8. MOOD CHANGES

Changes from 'PUBERTY' to 'MENOPAUSE' in 'FEMALES'

20

What is the 'AVERAGE HUMAN MENSTRUAL CYCLE' length?

29.5 DAYS

21

What things can change the 'REGULARITY' of a 'WOMAN'S MENSTRUAL CYCLE'? (*There are 4 of them)

1. SOCIAL INTERACTIONS
2. DAY LENGTH
3. ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES
4. SEXUAL BEHAVIOR

22

TRUE or FALSE:

Younger women tend to have SHORTER cycles than do older women

FALSE

Younger Women = LONGER CYCLES

Older Women = SHORTER CYCLES

23

What would eventually happen to a group of girls on different 'MENSTRUATION' cycles if they were put together in the same living environment?

EVENTUALLY THEY WOULD MENSTRUATE AT ABOUT THE SAME TIME

24

The 'OVARIAN CYCLE' is spread over 29.5 days. During these time, there are 5 main events. What are the 5 days that these events take place?

1. DAY 1
2. DAY 7
3. DAY 14
4. DAY 23
5. DAY 27

(7-14-23-27)

25

If 'ESTROGEN/PROGESTERONE' levels are 'HIGH' what is 'INHIBITED'?

FSH (FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE)

26

What happens on 'DAY 1' of the 'OVARIAN CYCLE'?

What hormones are present and in what levels?

MENSTURATION STARTS

ESTROGEN/PROGESTERONE = LOW
FSH = HIGH

27

On 'DAY 1' of the 'OVARIAN CYCLE', 'FSH' levels are high. What does this do?

STIMULATES THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOLLICLE (EGG INSIDE FOLLICLE)

28

How many 'FOLLICLES' are 'STIMULATED' during 'MENSTURATION'?

6-7 IN EACH OVARY

29

What happens on 'DAY 2' of the 'OVARIAN CYCLE'?

What hormones are present and in what levels?

ONE FOLLICLE CONTINUES, OTHERS DEGENERATE

ESTROGEN 'INCREASES' AS FOLLICLE GROWS INTO 'GRAFFIAN FOLLICLE'

30

What happens on 'DAY 14' of the 'OVARIAN CYCLE'?

What hormones are present and in what levels?

OVULATION

LH SURGE = 16 HOURS BEFORE OVULATION

LH = HIGH

Expulsion of egg from 'MATURE FOLLICLE'

31

TRUE or FALSE

'OVARIES' usually alternate expulsion of the 'EGG/FOLLICLE'.

TRUE

'OVARIES' DO ALTERNATE