Respiratory Conditions/Procedures Flashcards Preview

Viewmont HOSA Bowl Juniors > Respiratory Conditions/Procedures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Conditions/Procedures Deck (65):
1

What diseases are chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases?

emphysema, pneumonia, asthma, influenza

2

common cold

coryza

3

runny nose

rhinorrhea

4

disorder caused by a protein malfunction that causes mucus to gather on the lungs

cystic fibrosis

5

bloody nose

epistaxis

6

inflammation of the lining of the alveolar sac

pleurisy

7

disease in which the alveoli become stretched out and cannot push pollutants out of the lungs

emphysema

8

contagious illness caused by flu viruses

influenza

9

disease that is caused by bacteria; lung tissue is destroyed and replaced with fibrous connective tissue

tuberculosis

10

inflammatory illness of the lung with abnormal alveolar filling

pneumonia

11

obstructive airway disease accompanied by wheezing, coughing, or difficulty breathing

asthma

12

inflammation of the bronchi

bronchitis

13

otolaryngologist

ear, nose, and throat doctor

14

pulmonologist

lung specialist

15

group of lung diseases in which it is hard to breathe

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

16

acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx

croup

17

acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract

diphtheria

18

whooping cough

pertussis

19

inflammation of the sinuses

sinusitis

20

spasm of the larynx

laryngospasm

21

loss of ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds

aphonia

22

change in vocal quality, such as hoarseness, weakness, or cracking of the voice during a boy's puberty

dysphonia

23

inflammation of the larynx

laryngitis

24

bleeding from the mucous membranes of the trachea

tracheorrhagia

25

excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi

bronchorrhea

26

inflammation of the pleura

pleurisy

27

pain the the pleura with breathing movements

pleurodynia

28

accumulation of air in the pleural cavity

pneumothorax

29

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

pleural effusion

30

collection of blood in the pleural cavity

hemothorax

31

coughing up of blood

hemoptysis

32

presence of pus in the pleural cavity

pyothorax

33

group of lung diseases which have a sudden onset of severe lung dysfunction, making breathing extremely difficult

acute respiratory distress syndrome

34

collapse of a lung

atelectasis

35

accumulation of fluid in lung tissues

pulmonary edema

36

bleeding from the lungs

pneumorrhagia

37

disease caused by coal dust in the lungs

anthracosis

38

caused by asbestos particles in the lungs

asbestosis

39

caused by inhaling cotton dust

byssinosis

40

formation of scar tissue in the lung, resulting in decreased lung capacity

pulmonary fibrosis

41

absence of spontaneous respiration

apnea

42

abnormally slow breathing rate

bradypnea

43

abnormally fast breathing rate

tachypnea

44

condition in which breathing repeatedly stops during sleep

sleep apnea

45

pattern of alternating periods of apnea and hyperpnea

Cheyne-Stoke respiration

46

shortness of breath

dyspnea

47

rapid, deep breathing

hyperpnea

48

shallow or slow breathing

hypopnea

49

rapid rate of deep breathing associated with anxiety

hyperventilation

50

condition when the body cannot get the air it needs

asphyxia

51

bluish discoloration of the skin caused by lack of oxygen

cyanosis

52

abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood

hypercapnia

53

sudden and unexplainable death of an infant between 2 week and 1 year old

sudden infant death syndrome

54

sleep apnea study

polysomnography

55

visual examination of the larynx

laryngoscopy

56

device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled

spirometer

57

tests that measure volume and flow of air

pulmonary function tests

58

external monitor placed on the patien't finger to determine oxygen saturation levels

pulse oximeter

59

phlegm ejected through the mouth

sputum

60

thick mucus secreted by tissues lining the respiratory

phlegm

61

cough medicine

antitussive

62

surgical repair of the nasal septum

septoplasty

63

crunching sound heard with each heartbeat, caused by the heart beating against air filled tissues in emphysema

Hamman's sign

64

squeaking or grating sounds of pleural linings rubbing together

pleural friction rub

65

abnormal transmission of sounds from the lungs or bronchi

bronchophony