Review for Test #3 Flashcards Preview

Health Assessment for Nurses > Review for Test #3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Review for Test #3 Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

An assessment of the ___ consists of four straight or rectus muscles and two slanting or oblique muscles.

The extraocular muscles

2

This part of the eye functions as a refracting medium.

The lens

3

These pathways include the motor and sensory nerves

CNS- the 2 CNS pathways?

4

The use of these types of medications is the major cause of decreased saliva production in older adults.

Anticholinergic medications

5

If the tympanic membrane has white dense areas, the examiner suspects ___?

Scarring from recurrent ear infections

6

Position of the tympanic membrane in the neonates is more ___, making it more difficult to visualize with otoscope.

horizontal

7

Upslanting eyes with inner epicanthal folds; flat nasal bridge; small, broad, flat nose; protruding thick tongue; and ear dysplasia are characteristics of this disorder.

Down syndrome

8

A circumscribed skin area that is primarily supplied from one spinal cord segment through a particular spinal nerve.

the dermatome

9

In age competencies, who has a slower response time?

An older adult

10

The labyrinth of the inner ear is responsible for maintaining the body's __?

equilibrium

11

To compensate for this disorder of the spine, older adults extend their heads and jaws forward.

Kyphosis

12

Using this chart, the larger the denominator, the poorer the vision.

The Snellen chart

13

This statement describing a headache would warrant an immediate referral.

"I have never had a headache like this before; it is so bad I can't function"

14

The location in the brain where optic nerve fibers from the temporal fields of vision cross over is identified as the ___.

The optic chiasm

15

This part of the nervous system includes the somatic and autonomic.

The peripheral nervous system

16

This indicates digestion of food, cleans and protects the mucosa.

Saliva

17

The normal color of the optic disc is

yellow-orange to pink.

18

An impaired ability to identify objects correctly despite intact sensory function

Agnosia

19

This test assesses the ability of the vestibular apparatus in the inner ear to help maintain standing balance.

Romberg test

20

The duct in the parotid gland that opens into the mouth and opposite the second molar is

the Stensen duct

21

Which facial bone articulates at a joint?

the mandible

22

An impaired ability to carry out motor activities despite motor function

Apraxia

23

The nasal mucosa of an individual with rhinitis would be

bright red and swollen

24

This condition is a common cause of decreased vision in the older patient.

Macular degeneration

25

Which is documented by a mental status assessment?

Emotional and cognitive function

26

The Peripheral nervous system includes how many pairs of cranial nerves?

12 pairs of cranial nerves. (theirs 24 actual nerves)

27

Impaired short-term and long-term memory is a major characteristic of this disease.

Dementia

28

This sinus lightens the weight of the skull bones

The paranasal sinuses

29

The external structure of the ear is identified as the

The auricle

30

The central nervous system includes these two main parts:

the brain and spinal cord