Chapter 22- Abdomen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22- Abdomen Deck (71)
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1

Inside abdominal cavity, all organs are called ___

viscera

2

__ lines abdominal wall (parietal) and covers surface (visceral) or most organs.

Peritoneum

3

Solid viscera maintain their characteristic shape. examples:

liver, pancreas, spleen, adrenal glands, kidneys, ovaries, and uterus

4

The shape of hollow viscera depends on the contents. examples:

stomach, gallbladder, small intestine, colon, and bladder

5

The abdominal wall is divided into 4 quadrants by a vertical and horizontal line bisecting thr unbilicus. 4 Q’s are :

Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

6

Midline of the abdominal cavity:

Aorta
Bladder
Uterus

7

What quadrant contains:
Liver
Gallbladder
Duodenum
Head of pancreas
Right kidney and adrenal gland
Hepatic flexure of colon
Part of ascending and transverse colon

Right Upper Quadrant

8

What quadrant contains:
Stomach
Spleen
Left lobe of Liver
Body of pancreas
Left kidney and adrenal glad
Splenic flexure of colon
Part of transverse and descending colon

Left Upper Quadrant

9

What quadrant contains:
Cecum
Appendix
Right ovary and tube
Right ureter
Right spermatic cord

Right Lower Quadrant

10

What quadrant contains:
Part of descending colon
Sigmoid colon
Left ovary and tube
Left ureter
Left spermatic cord

Left Lower Quadrant

11

In newborn, umbilical cord shows prominently on the ___.

abdomen

12

The umbilical cord contains ___ and ____.

2 arteries and 1 vein.

13

The __ takes up proportionately more space in abdomen at birth than in later life.

liver

14

___ located higher in abdomen in infants/children than in adult.

Urinary Bladder

15

During early childhood, abdominal wall is ___ muscular, so organs may be ___ to palpate.

less
easier

16

In healthy neonates, lower edge may be palpated __ to __ below right costal margin.

0.5 to 2.5 cm

17

Pregnant women: Constipation and increased venous pressure in lower pelvis leads to ___

Hemorrhoids

18

Pregnant women: enlarged __ leads to displacement of abdominal organs

uterus

19

__ changes in the abdomen such as striae, linea, and nigra.

Skin

20

Again adult: Although liver size ___, most liver functions remain __; however, drug metabolism is impaired.

decreases
normal

21

Again adult: __ decreases, leading to a __ mouth.

salivation
dry

22

Aging adults frequently report ___.

constipation

23

the digestive enzyme necessary for absorption of lactose.

Lactase

24

People who are ____ have abdominal pain, bloating, and flatulence when milk products are consumed.

Lactose intolerant

25

Their is an ___ variation seen in people who are lactose intolerant.

ethnic

26

Estimated incidence of lactose intolerance is:
___ whites
___ mexican americans
___ of blacks
___ american indians.

20-30% Whites
70% Mexican Americans
80% Blacks
100% American Indians

27

What is the autoimmune disorder that includes being intolerant of gluten?

Celiac disease

28

Contour of Abdomen:

Determine profile from rib margin to pubic bone. Contour describes nutritional state and normally ranges from flat to rounded.

29

Demeanor of Abdomen:

A comfortable person is relaxed quietly on the examining table and has a benign facial expression and slow, even respirations

30

Auscultation bowel sounds should be done before percussion and palpation.. why?

Because palpation and percussion can increase peristalsis, which would give false interpretation of bowel sounds.