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Flashcards in Safety and Health Deck (14):
1

The key legislation passed in 1970 that is designed to protect the health and safety of every worker is called ____.

OSHA

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Act).

2

Companies want to avoid any occupational safety and health accidents primarily because it is ______.

costly

It is far less expensive to introduce a proper health and safety program in the workplace than to deal with the costs of health care, loss of productivity and absenteeism.

3

The OSHA creates and enforces compulsory work safety and health standards that cover the four main groups of general industry, maritime, construction and ___________.

agriculture

Agriculture is one of the groups of employers and employees that are covered by the standards formed by the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).

4

In the workplace, _________ are responsible for ensuring compliance with any OSHA regulations that may apply

employers

5

A formal program is normally created by companies to meet their obligations under the OSHA and this program is normally the responsibility of the _______________ Manager.

Human Resources

6

The Secretary of Labor is authorized by the OSHA to carry out workplace ___________, issue citations and penalize errant employers.

inspections

7

Employees must comply with the relevant OSHA standards and report hazardous conditions; they can also demand a safe working environment as well as request ___________ about health and safety conditions from their employers.

information

8

The right-to-know laws require employers to ______ employees about any hazardous chemicals that they may be working with.

inform

Right-to-know laws cover a range of statutes designed to give employees the right to know the type of dangerous materials they are handling.

9

As part of providing good workplace security, employers need to conduct appropriate background checks on prospective employees as they can be held legally liable for _________ hiring if they fail to.

negligent

10

In order to reduce _________ violence, prospective employees should be screened, managers should be trained to spot violence indicators, a formal program should be introduced spelling out a zero-tolerance policy and clear reporting procedure for violent acts introduced.

workplace

Employers should encourage employees to report acts of violence without fear of reprisal.

11

A wider view of health and safety of employees would also include the _________ as well as physical perspectives of life quality.

emotional

Many consider the emotional aspects of an employee's life to be personal. However, if they affect the company, then it becomes an organizational problem.

12

The Employee Assistance Program has been introduced by many organizations as a means to deal with issues such as __________, drug abuse and personal crises in order to provide a complete wellness program for workers.

alcoholism

13

Many companies have instituted stress-management programs to counteract the harmful effects of job-related stress, but further action to remove stressors such as poor working conditions, ____________ recognition, poor chain of command and discrimination should also be instigated.

insufficient

Employees will usually feel stress if they feel that they do not get adequate recognition for their contribution to the company.

14

Drug __________ programs for drug-dependent employees are called EAPs.

assistance

Employee Assistance Programs or EAPs can also be known as Cost of Assistance programs.