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Flashcards in Human Resource Planning Deck (17):
1

Human Resources Planning (HRP) refers to the process of predicting and arranging in advance for the movement of persons into, within and ___ of a company.

out

One of the aspects of HRP involves the movement of individuals out of the company if this would increase the efficacy of resource-use and lead to the achievement of the companys goals.

2

The specific aims of HRP is to plan for labor supply ____________; devise job training programs and increase opportunities for hiring women, ethnic minorities, and disabled workers.

fluctuations

It is important to be able to accurately predict labor trends, such as labor shortages and surpluses since this will impact on the execution of organizational goals.

3

The process of HRP is especially important when a dramatic organizational change such as a ______, business relocation, downsizing or closure of facilities is considered.

merger

A merger will result in considerable change throughout the entire organization. Workers will be directly impacted and issues such as integration of the workforce and possible redundancies will have to be properly planned for.

4

Where an organization has failed to carry out sufficient HRP, negative consequences such as vacant job positions, __________ and the loss of competent personnel can result.

overhiring

If HRP is not well organized, then the situation may arise where one department lays off workers and another department hires workers for similar jobs in a different department.

5

HRP is connected to strategic planning to meet organizational goals in a three-step process involving strategic analysis, strategy formulation and ________ implementation.

strategy

Strategy implementation refers to the execution of processes detailed in the strategic analysis and strategy formulation in order to obtain the desired results.

6

Strategy ________ in strategic planning determines the proposed management methodology and defines performance expectations.

formulation

The management methodology is critical as it covers areas such as the business mission, values, objectives and resource allocations.

7

Strategic _______ refers to the definition of the context of the business goals, examination of the companys strong points and weaknesses, and seeking out the competitive advantage by the HRM and top management.

analysis

Examining the competition and then determining what the companys competitive advantage is over other offerings is critical in ascertaining whether success can be attained.

8

The modern company focuses their HR and strategic planning on core ____________ to assist them in gaining a competitive advantage in their industry.

competencies

Core competencies are skills that assist a company in excelling in their industry. The foundation of a companys core competencies are their workers and their skills.

9

Job ________ can be defined as the system of obtaining information about jobs relating to the tasks, duties or activities that are executed to perform that particular job.

analysis

10

The initial purpose of job analysis is for HRM to use that information in the preparation of ___ descriptions but ultimately it is meant to increase the companys productivity and performance.

job

This is the main tangible use of job analysis. The job descriptions are then used to improve various HRM tasks, such as performance appraisal requirements or job training materials.

11

Job ________ assists HRM in creating job descriptions that adhere to the equal employment opportunity laws.

analysis

Managers who write job descriptions based on the essential job functions that have been highlighted by the job analysis are less likely to emphasize unnecessary qualifications for the job that could be construed as discriminatory against minority applications.

12

Collecting job data for job analysis is normally conducted via interviews, questionnaires, ___________ and diaries by specially-trained job analysts.

observation

The job analyst may observe the employees carrying out their tasks and detail their observations in a standardized format.

13

The four main approaches to job analysis are the functional analysis, position analysis questionnaire, ________ incident method and computerized model.

critical

The critical incident method refers to the identification of critical job tasks which lead to job success.

14

Job ______ can be described as the process by which jobs are restructured so that organizational efficiency and worker job satisfaction is enhanced.

design

15

The two job design systems that aim to integrate the __________ needs of the workers in their jobs are the job enrichment model and the job characteristics model.

behavioral

The job enrichment model refers to the method of incorporating tasks into the job that make it more rewarding for the employee performing that job.

16

The job characteristics model states that the feelings of meaningfulness, ______________ and knowledge of the results of the work performed will produce a motivated, satisfied and productive employee.

responsibility

17

Apart from the job enrichment and characteristics models, a less formal though equally effective way of enhancing jobs is through ________ empowerment

employee

Employee empowerment enables the employees themselves to instigate changes to their own jobs.