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Flashcards in SAT 18 Deck (20)
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Abstemious; adj.

– sparing in eating and drinking; temperate; self-denying / unrestrained
Concerned whether her vegetarian son’s abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him.


Abstruse; adj.

– obscure; profound; difficult to understand perplexing / simple
Baffled by the abstruse philosophical texts assigned in class, Dave asked Lucy to explain Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason.


Concede; verb

– admit; yield; grant; give in / deny; contradict; negate
Despite all the evidence Monica had assembled, Mark refused to concede that she was right.


Corroborate; verb.

– confirm; support; agree / contradict
Though Huck was quite willing to corroborate Tom’s story, Aunt Polly knew better than to believe either of them.


Cryptic; adj.

– mysterious; hidden; secret / straightforward
Thoroughly baffled by Holmes’s cryptic remarks, Watson wondered whether Holmes was intentionally concealing his thoughts about the crime.


Decorum; noun

– propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners / abandon
Even the best-mannered students have trouble behaving with decorum on the last day of school.


Diminution; noun

– lessening; reduction in size; decrease / growth
Old Jack was as sharp at eighty as he had been at fifty; increasing age led to no diminution of his mental ability.


Exemplary; adj.

– serving as a model; outstanding
At commencement the dean praised Ellen for her exemplary behavior as class president.


Garrulous; adj.

– loquacious; wordy; talkative / taciturn
Azzaam is the most garrulous person at Walnut High School; he can outtalk anyone I know.


Hamper; verb

– obstruct; hinder; get in the way; impede / facilitate
The new mother didn’t realize how much the effort of caring for an infant would hamper her ability to keep an immaculate house.


Intrepid; adj.

– fearless; brave; bold; courageous / cowardly
For her intrepid conduct nursing the wounded during the war, Florence Nightingale was honored by Queen Victoria.


Laud; verb

– praise; speak well of / denigrate
The NFL lauded Boomer Esiason’s efforts to raise money to combat cystic fibrosis.


Negate; verb

– cancel out; nullify; deny; undo; counteract / concede
A sudden surge of adrenalin can negate the effects of fatigue: there’s nothing like a good shock to wake you up.


Ominous; adj.

– threatening; warning; worrying; gloomy / promising
Those clouds are ominous; they suggest a severe storm is on the way.


Perpetuate; verb

– make something last; preserve from extinction
Some critics attack The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn because they believe Twain’s book perpetuates a false image of Blacks in this country.


Recount; verb

– narrate or tell; relate; report; count over again
A born storyteller, my father loved to recount anecdotes about his early years in New York.


Refute; verb.

– disprove; contest; rebut / prove
The defense called several respectable witnesses who were able to refute the false testimony of the prosecution’s sole witness.


Scrutinize; verb

– examine closely and critically
Searching for flaws, the sergeant scrutinized every detail of the private’s uniform.


Substantiate; verb

– validate; authenticate; verify
These endorsements from satisfied customers substantiate our claim that Barron’s How to Prepare for the SAT is the best SAT-prep book on the market.


Sycophant; noun

– servile; flatterer;
Fed up with the sycophants, his toadies and flunkies who made up this entourage, the star cried, “Get out, all of you!”