Flashcards in Section 7: Affilaiation and Friendship Deck (14):
Who is a friend?
affectionate relationship but not intimate/romantic partner
can be yourself
What is a domain general theory? What are the two examples of domain-general theories that we talked about?
explain all behavior
Reinforcement affect model: motivated to affiliate with and come to like those we affiliate with positive feelings
Social exchange theory: motivate and affiliate with people who allow us to maximize our benefits and minimize costs
What is a domain specific theory? What 4 specific domains did we discuss as motivations for affiliation & friendship?
why outcome may vary from 1 domain to the other
1. social support
2. getting info
4. exchanging material benefits
What is social support?
emotional, informational, on material assistance provided by others
What needs does social support satisfied? What gender differences exist in seeking social support, and why (be specific: with the hormones are involved in the biological explanation?)?
Women= Tend and befriend, release oxytocin when stress, agreeable, empathy
Men= fight or flight, release androgen, releases aggression
Social support is positively correlated with longer and happier lives – what’s that about?
wards off loneliness and isolation
loneliness and depression lead to sleep issues, drug and alcohol abuse, mortality
Why/how does friendship and affiliation contribute to getting information?
need to validate our view of the world and of ourselves
need to be accurate
What is self-disclosure
share intimate info about self
how does self-disclosure vary between men and women? Under what circumstances are people likely to self-disclose
women = more likely to
benefits = mutual. then satisfaction with relationship
risks: betrayal, lack of privacy
. Gaining status is another motivation for affiliation & friendship. In what types of situations would we want to seek to gain status? What cultural differences exist? What gender differences exist?
-work place, middle school
cultural differences: US- like people on same level, Japan- like people higher
-men=more about gaining status, respect
women=more social support, affection
. What is social exchange theory? (Thibault & Kelley, 1959). What four types of social exchange did we talk about in class? Be sure that you can identify these types of exchange.
Friendships and relationships motivated by general desire to maximize rewards and minimize costs
1. communal sharing
2. authority ranking
4. market pricing
. Equity theory (Walster et al., 1978) is a specific type of social exchange. How does equity theory explain satisfaction in relationships?
happiest when relationships are equitable
ratio is costs/benefits = 1
Equity is different from equality: how?
equity= give more, draw more benefits