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Sociology - Beliefs > Secularisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Secularisation Deck (12):
1

Weber

Rationalisation, created by the introduction of technology, causes the decline of religion because it challenges the religious world view by giving us more control over nature and more explanations for natural phenomena.

The Protestant Reformation challenged the Catholic world view, which led to disenchantment (a loss of religion)

2

Bruce

Technology has replaced religion because we seek scientific, rational explanations; where science fails, we turn to religion, such as incurable illnesses. The only place religion survives is where technology is ineffective

Religion only stays important when it performs other functions e.g. cultural defence/transition

3

Wilson

Secularisation is a decline in religious thinking, practices and institutions. 6.3% of the population attended Church on a Sunday in 2005

The move from pre-industrial to industrial society has undermined the role of religion. It is no longer central to communities due to the movement of people creating social and cultural diversity. Geographical mobility meant the role of the Church in communities was undermined

4

Gill et al.

Identified a fall in those who believed there was a God. More were stating that they had no religion

5

Parsons

Structural differentiation: New specialist institutions are introduced to perform key functions. Where the Church used to perform many functions, differentiation means other institutions perform these tasks e.g. education. This leads to disengagement, where the Church has less to no involvement in the state

6

Berger

Religious diversity leads to secularisation. Following the Protestant Reformation there was a crisis of credibility as the Catholic worldview was undermined. Diversity undermines the "sacred canopy" which creates a crisis of credibility

Later changes his view to argue choice and diversity can stimulate interest in religion

7

Aldridge

Faith can still be an essential part of identity. Followers may feel part of a global "imagined community". E.g. Pentecostalism has gone global

8

Martin

Questions the "golden age" of religion in Victorian Britain as the middle classes often only went to Church for social approval. Church attendance now reflects those who hold genuine beliefs.

The debate is Eurocentric. Religion remains key globally.

9

Greeley and Nelson

Choice and diversity can lead to religious revival - New Christian Right

10

What does Bruce say about America?

America isn't as religious as it is suggested due to:
- Poor attendance - despite Americans claiming to have faith, Churches remain empty.
- Secularisation from within - Religion more as therapy.
- More acceptance of religious diversity - America is more accepting of other views, reducing the Christian message

11

Who can we use from past units to argue society IS more secular?

Voas and Crockett
Norris and Inglehart
Heelas and Woodhead
Stark and Bainbridge

12

Who can we use from past units to argue society IS NOT more secular?

Stark and Bainbridge
Huntington
Bruce
Nanda
Lyon
Hervieu-Leger
Voas and Crockett
Norris and Inglehart
Davie
Bellah