Session 1 - Terminology Flashcards Preview

Semester 5 - CNS > Session 1 - Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Session 1 - Terminology Deck (24):
1

Akinesia

Without movement

2

Apraxia

Loss of coordination

3

Agnosia

Loss of ability to recognise things

4

Aphasia

Disturbance of comprehension and expression of language

5

Areflexia

Absent or abnormal reflexes

6

Ataxia

Lack of co-ordination, balance and speech

7

Bradykinesia

Slow movement

8

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing

9

Dysarthria

Difficulty speaking (caused by muscular difficulties)

10

Dysphonia

Impairment in the ability to produce sound by vocal organs

11

Dysdiadochokinesis

Impaired abilityto perform rapid, alternating movements

12

Dyslexia

Impairment of visual comprehension

13

Hypertonia

Increased tightness of muscle tone

14

Hyporeflexia

Below normal or absent reflexes

15

Paraplegia

Impairment in motor or sensory function of lower extremities

16

Hemiplegia

Paralysis of arm, leg and trunk on one side of body

17

Quadriplegia

Partial or complete loss of all limbs and torso

18

Opthalmoplegia

Weakness or paralysis of extra-ocular muscles responsible for eye movement

19

Paresis

Weakness of voluntary movement

20

Hemiparesis

Weakness of voluntary movement on one side of the body

21

Palsy

Loss of feeling and presence of uncontrolled movemengts

22

chorea

Involuntary movement disorder

23

Spasticity

Unusual tightness of muscles

24

Rigidity

Increase in stiffness leading to resistance throughout range of movement