Session 12_Asthma Flashcards Preview

732 > Session 12_Asthma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Session 12_Asthma Deck (100)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is impacted in obstructive pulmonary disease?

flow

2

In obstructive pulmonary disease air gets _____________________________.

Trapped in the lungs

3

Examples of obstructive diseases are:

• emphysema
• asthma
• chronic bronchitis

4

Examples of septic obstructive pulmonary diseases are:

• cystic fibrosis
• bronchiectasis

5

From which type of obstructive disease are you more likely to get an infection?

septic

6

Emphysema is caused by a destruction of the air spores. Describe the differences in how the alveoli appear:

normal alveoli are pink, and nicely rounded.

In emphysema the air spaces areas are stretched out and appear darker in appearance.

7

What is impacted in restrictive pulmonary disease?

volume

8

In restrictive pulmonary disease its hard to get air ____________ and in obstructive pulmonary disease it is hard to get air _________.

IN

OUT

9

Restrictive pulmonary disease is:

• linked to immune disorders, occupational exposures, genetic and hormonal abnormalities and a complication of lung injury
• loss of lung compliance and chest wall expansion
• decreased depth and increased rate of breathing

10

In restrictive pulmonary disease, the lung tissue is less _____________ and becomes ___________________

less elastic

tighter and tougher

11

know slide 6

know slide 6

12

normal FEV1 =

80%-120%

13

with restrictive FEV1/FCV ratio =

>80%

14

Normal FEV1/FVC ratio =

70-80%, ~75%

15

in obstructive disease, the ratio of FEV1/FCV :

decreases

FVC is stable and FEV1 is smaller

16

Asthma is an example of what type of pulmonary disease?

obstructive

17

Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by _____________ obstruction to airflow within the lungs.

reversible

18

list some risk factors of asthma:

• childhood asthma
• family history
• atopy (hypersensitive skin response to common irritants)
• maternal smoking
• occupational exposure
• environmental exposure
• secondary smoke
• gender - (female 2-fold increase)

19

rhinitis =

inflammation of the nose / sinuses

20

Of children with asthma 77% have _________________, 17% have _____________ and 91% have __________________.

77% have had allergic rhinits,
17% had eczema and
91% have a family history of allergy in 1st degree relative.

21

1 parent having asthma -->
2 parents having asthma -->

1:3 chance

7/10

22

In America, 1 out of __ Americans have asthma.

5

23

What is the most common childhood disease?

asthma

24

how many deaths/year are associated with asthma?

>4000

25

Ethnic difference in asthma prevalence, morbidity and mortality are highly correlated with:

• poverty
• urban air quality
• indoor allergens
• lack of patient education and inadequate medical care

26

_____ of all emergency room visits in 1 year = ___________.

1/4

= 2 million

27

wheezing is described as:

high pitched whistling sounds when breathing out

28

List some signs and symptoms of asthma:

• cough, worse particularly at night
• recurrent wheeze
• recurrent difficulty in breathing
• recurrent chest tightness

theses symptoms lead to fatigue

29

Symptoms of asthma worsen in

• exercise
• viral infection
• animals with fur or hair
• house-dust mites (in mattresses, pillows, upholstered furniture, carpets)
• mold
• smoke (tobacco, wood)
• pollen
• changes in weather
• strong emotional expression (laughing or crying hard)
• airborne chemicals or dusts

30

Symptoms often worsen at ___________, awakening the patient. Lung function is relatively __________ between episodes.

night

normal