Session 9_Pulmonary Ventilation and Circulation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Session 9_Pulmonary Ventilation and Circulation Deck (170)
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1

What is the highest recorded "sneeze speed"?

99 miles per hour

2

What is the surface area of the lungs roughly the same size as?

a tennis court

3

How much water do we lose everyday through breathing?

1/2 liter

4

How many lobes does the right lung have?

3

5

How many lobes does the left lung have?

2

6

The lungs occupy all thoracic cavity except:

mediastinum

7

3rd cervical vertebra, to 6th =

location (posteriorly) larynx

8

Larynx separates:

separation of food of air

9

The right lung has 2 fissures =

horizontal and oblique fissures

10

The left lung has 1 fissure =

oblique fissure

11

The left lobe also has the little extension of:

lingula

12

What is the potential pathology of the pleurisy/ pleuritis?

inflammation of pleural cavity --> rough --> friction rub

13

What are some potential causes of pleurisy?

chest trauma, cancer, pulmonary embolis, autoimmune disease (lupis), rheumatoid arthritis.

14

What part of the O2 transport system would be involved in pleurisy?

????
inspiration

15

What type of connective tissue is the lung tissue?

primarily elastic

16

What does the elasticity of healthy lungs help reduce?

Reduce the work of breathing

17

The bronchopulmonary segments of the lungs are separated by:

connective tissue septa

18

The bronchopulmonary segments of the lungs are served by own:

lung and artery

19

The bronchopulmonary segments received air from:

individual bronchus

20

Cancer caught early in bronchopulmonary segments, can be removed without:

affecting other parts --> people can survive

21

What are three regions of the Right Upper bronchopulmonary segments?

1. apical
2. anterior
3. posterior

22

What are the 2 regions of the Right middle bronchopulmonary segments?

1. lateral
2. medial

23

What are the 5 regions of the Right lower (base) bronchopulmonary segments?

1. anterior
2. superior
3. lateral
4. posterior
5. medial

24

What are the 4 regions of the Left Upper bronchopulmonary segments

1. apical posterior
2. anterior
3. superior (lingula)
4. inferior (lingula)

25

What are the 4 regions of the Left Lower(base) bronchopulmonary segments?

1. anterior
2. superior
3. lateral
4. posterior

26

How many auscultation spots are there?

9

27

How would you located the Right lung using surface landmarks?

• 1" above rib 1
• crosses costal cartilage 6
• midclavicular at rib 6
• midaxillary at rib 8
• vertebral border at rib 10
• inferior border 2 rib widths above diagphram

28

How would you located the Left lung using surface landmarks?

• 1" above rib 1
• deep to manubroclavicular joint
• midsternally to rib 4
• jogs to left, continues to rib 6
• midaxillary rib 8
• vertebral border at rib 10

29

The upper respiratory tract is from:

nasal and oral orifices to the false vocal cords in the larynx

30

The upper respiratory tract includes what 4 structures?

1. nose
2. nasal cavity
3. pharynx (naso-, oro-, layrngo-)
4. Larynx