Simplified meanings of the Approaches Flashcards Preview

A-LEVEL PSYCHOLOGY PERSONALISED FLASHCARDS > Simplified meanings of the Approaches > Flashcards

Flashcards in Simplified meanings of the Approaches Deck (6)
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1

Cognitive approach

-Thinking, memory, processes.etc
-Internal mental processes
-Schemas-cognitive framework
-Cognitive neuroscience -PET (neuroimaging techniques that study the brain.)

2

The behaviourist approach

-Uses natural reflexes
- UCS = UCR. NS = NR. UCS+ NS= UCR. CS = CR
Reinforcement = increases behaviour
-Punishment= decreases behaviour
-Vicarious reinforcement

3

Social Learning Theory

Imitation- copying behaviours
Identification- wanting to copy them
Modelling- imitating a role model
-Meditational Processes
ARMM

4

Biological approach

-Genes- Inheritence/twin studies, evolution, natural selection,survival of the fittest

concordance rate=probability of both twins having a particular trait if one of the pair does

5

Humanistic Approach

-Everyone has free will
-Congruence - similarity between a persons idea self and real life
-Self actualisation- creative and acceptance

6

Psychodynamic Approach

-the unconscious mind controls out activities, defence mechanisms prevent awareness of events, denial, displacement, psychosexual stages.