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Flashcards in The cognitive Approach Deck (11)
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1

What does the cognitive approach do?

Studies information processing; ways in which we extract, store and retrieve information.

2

What are schema?

Cognitive framework that helps organise and and interpret information.

3

How do schemas affect our behaviour?

Schemes for specific events are based on expectations of how to behave in different situations?

4

What is a theoretical model?

Simplified representations based on current research evidence, usually pictorial.

5

What is the role of a theoretical model in the cognitive approach?

They are the steps involved in internal processes.

6

What is a computer model?

Development of computers led to the focus of the way sensory information is coded.

7

What is the role of computer models in the cognitive approach?

Explains human coding.

8

Why is cognitive neuroscience important in the cognitive approach?

Studies the brain structure involved in different kinds of mental processes.

9

What research study was conducted using PET scans? (cognitive neuroscience)

Burnett (2009) found that when people feel guilty, the prefrontal cortex is active, an areas associated with social emotions.

10

What are the strengths of the cognitive approach?

Shows how dangerous faulty thinking processes are and help treat people suffering from metal disorders. (OVD and depression)


Scientists i fix method provides researcher with rigorous method for collecting and evaluate research to reach accurate conclusions.

11

What are the limitations of the cognitive approach?

Computer models explain human coding but computers do not make mistakes or forget anything.

Avoids motivation and emotions- over dependence on information processing analogies.

Lacks ecological validity- nonsense syllables doesn’t represent everyday life.