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A-LEVEL PSYCHOLOGY PERSONALISED FLASHCARDS > ATTACHMENT > Flashcards

Flashcards in ATTACHMENT Deck (12)
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1

What is reciprocity?

Responding to the action of another with an action.

2

How is reciprocity important in care-give interactions?

Brazleston proposed that this basically rhythm is an important precursor to later communications.

3

What is international synchrony?

When two people interact and mirror what the other is doing, facial/body movements.

4

What’s the problem with international synchrony?

Jean Piaget proposed that the behaviour is pseudo-imitation and is repeating the behaviour to be rewarded (operant conditioning.)

5

What is the evaluation for Piaget’s interpretation of interactional synchrony?

DeYoung observed infant behaviour when interacting with two objects. Infants made little to no response to the action. They concluded that this shows that infants do not imitate everything they see.

6

What is the evaluation for care-giver interactions?

Individual differences- more strongly attached infant caregiver pairs showed greater interactional synchrony.

7

Which research study focused on development of attachment.

Schaffer and Emerson:
- 60 infants and mothers.
- Working class
- Studied until the age of one year

8

what is the first stage of development of attachment? (birth to two months)

Indiscriminate attachment - Produces similar responses to all objects inanimate or animate.

9

What is the second stage of attachment? (4months)

Beginnings of attachment - prefers human company to inanimate objects. Can distinguish familiar and non familiar faces.

10

What is the thirst stage of attachment? (7 months)

Discriminate attachment- Feels separation anxiety when their primary caregiver leaves.

11

What is the fourth stage of attachment? (1year)

Multiple attachment- Wider circle i multiple attachments also have separation anxiety toward them.

12

What is the evaluation for development of attachment?

Unreliable data- mothers if less securely attached infants would be less sensitive and possibly less accurate in their reports.