Skin Flashcards Preview

NCLEX-RN (8) Pediatrics > Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Deck (14)
Loading flashcards...
1
Describe:

Eczema (atopic dermatitis)

Eczema is a condition in which patches of epidermis become inflamed, itchy, red, and scaly.

It is associated with allergies, asthma, or allergic rhinitis.

2

What are the interventions for eczema (atopic dermatitis)?

  • apply cool and wet compresses to soothe the skin
  • give antihistamines and topical corticosteroids
  • give antibiotics if secondary infections occur

A thin layer of topical corticosteroids can be applied by rubbing gently into the affected area.

3
Teaching:

Eczema (atopic dermatitis)

  • apply nonscented lotion twice a day
  • avoid excessive bathing and washing of affected areas
  • avoid exposure to skin irritants such as soaps and detergents
  • keep nails short and clean, and wear cotton gloves 
  • monitor lesions for signs of infection

4
Describe:

Impetigo

Impetigo is a contagious bacterial infection of the skin caused by β-hemolytic streptococci or staphylococci.

It can be a primary infection or occur secondarily at the site of injury or insect bite.

5

What type of infection precautions are used with impetigo?

Impetigo is contact and standard precautions:

  • wear gown and gloves

6
Describe:

Lice (Pediculosis Capitis)

Lice are small bugs in the hair.

7

What are the interventions for lice?

  • use lindane shampoo that kills lice
  • remove white eggs by combing with a fine-tooth metal comb

Not prescribed for children below 2 years of age because of risk of neurotoxicity and seizures.

8
Describe:

Scabies

Scabies is a parasite under the skin.

9

What is the characteristic sign of scabies?

A rash that looks like burrows under the skin

 

10
Treatment:

Scabies

Permethrin cream or malathion lotion

Not prescribed for children below 2 years of age because of risk of neurotoxicity and seizures.

11

Would you like to give us feedback on this class?

There might be a gift involved.

Fill out this survey for a chance at winning a $50 Amazon gift card!

11

Would you like to give us feedback on this class?

There might be a gift involved.

Fill out this survey for a chance at winning a $50 Amazon gift card!

11

Would you like to give us feedback on this class?

There might be a gift involved.

Fill out this survey for a chance at winning a $50 Amazon gift card!

11

Would you like to give us feedback on this class?

There might be a gift involved.

Fill out this survey for a chance at winning a $50 Amazon gift card.

Thank you! We appreciate you helping us create even better flashcards.