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NCLEX-RN (8) Pediatrics > Milestones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Milestones Deck (34)
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At what week during gestation can the sex of the fetus be determined by ultrasound?

week 12


At what week during gestation can the heartbeat of the fetus be detected by doppler?

between week 10 - 12


At what week during gestation can the heartbeat of the fetus be detected by fetoscope?

week 20


If the baby must be delivered, at what week will it be able to breathe on its own?

week 28


At what age can a baby perform:

  • a palm grasp
  • switch an object from hand to hand
  • roll over from tummy to back

Between 4 - 5 months


At what age does a baby have good head control and can wave bye-bye?

Between 6 - 7 months


At what age can a baby stand straight up?

Between 8 - 9 months


At what age does a baby have a pincer grasp?

At 9 months


At what age can a baby:

  • change positions from its belly to sitting up
  • start to use words

Between 10 - 11 months


At what age can a baby drink from a cup?

Between 12 - 13 months


At what age should a child begin to walk?

Between 14 - 15 months


At what age can a baby be started on solid foods?

Between 4 - 6 months


At what age can whole milk or honey be given?

After the child turns 1 year old:

  • milk doesn't have the correct nutrients before 1 year old
  • there is a risk of botulism with honey before 1 year old


What foods are prohibited before 3 years old?

No small or hard foods before 3 years old due to risk of choking.


At what age does the birth weight double?

Birth weight doubles at 5 - 6 months.


At what age does the baby's birth weight triple?

Baby's birth weight triples at 12 months.


When does separation anxiety begin, peak, and begin to end for babies?

  • starts at 6 months
  • peaks at 10 - 18 months
  • starts to decrease by 2 - 4 years old


What is object permanence?

Object permanence is the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen or perceived


At what age does object permanence begin?

Object permanence starts at 8 - 9 months.

Before 8 months, if an object is covered, the baby thinks the object doesn't exist.


What is the best toy for an infant?

A musical or visual mobile


What age is appropriate for toys such as rattles, stuffed animals or a large picture book?

3 - 6 months old


At what age is it appropriate to play peek-a-boo, and play with large plastic rings or a ball?

6 - 9 months old


At what age do children start to build with blocks?

9 - 12 months old


What do 1 - 3 years old like to play with?

Wagon, push-pull toy or a large ball


What is parallel play?

Parallel play is when children play next to each other, but not with each other.

It occurs at age 1 - 3 years old.


What do 3 - 6 year olds like to play with?

3 - 6 year olds like "imaginative play"

  • dress-up, puppets, playdoh, large trucks, coloring books/crayons, chalk, large puzzles, dancing, jumping, swinging


What is cooperative play?

Playing with others

it starts at around age 3.


How do 6 - 12 year olds like to play?

  • collect things like cards or rocks
  • very creative and like to build
  • competitive with winners and losers


What do 12 - 20 year olds like to do?

They like to be with their friends


What age can toilet training start?

At 1 - 3 years old

Children usually don't become fully toilet trained until 5 - 6 years old.


When is a child ready to start toilet training?

A child is ready to start toilet training when:

  • understands why they need to use the toilet
  • has good sphincter control
  • walks well
  • can pull pants up and down


What is the average age for the start of menstruation?

12 ½ years old.


Why do adolescents need extra sleep?

There are growth spurts during adolescence so they sleep a lot.


What are adolescents at higher risk for?

Adolescents are higher risk for accidents and getting sexually transmitted diseases due to risk-taking behavior.

Teach to be safe by using seat belts, helmets, and contraceptives.