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NCLEX-RN (8) Pediatrics > Vaccinations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vaccinations Deck (17)
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1

What vaccination is given at birth?

hepatitis B

2

What vaccinations are given at 2, 4, and 6 months?

Use the mnemonic: DIHHPeR ("diaper") to remember.

2, 4 and 6 month vaccinations:

  • Dtap
  • IPV
  • Hepatitis B (given at 1 month old and again at 6 months old)
  • Hib
  • PCV
  • Rotavirus

Use DIHHPeR ("diaper") to remember.

3

At what age can a baby start to get the yearly influenza vaccine?

6 months old

4

What vaccinations are given at 12-15 months old?

Use the mnemonic "Harry V. Potter, MD" to remember.

  • Hib
  • Varicella
  • PCV
  • MMR
  • DTaP

Use "Harry V. Potter, MD" to remember.

5

What vaccinations are given at 4 - 6 years old?

Use the mnemonic "I Did My Vaccines" to remember.

  • IPV
  • DTaP
  • MMR
  • Varicella

Use "I Did My Vaccines" to remember.

 

6

What vaccinations are given to 11 - 12 year olds?

Use the mnemonic "Tweens Have Money" to remember.

  • Tdap
  • HPV x 3 doses
  • Meningococcal

Use "Tweens Have Money" to remember.

7

How often is TDaP given?

once every 10 years

8

What vaccines do the elderly get (at 60 - 65 years old)?

Use the mnemonic "don't break your HIP" to remember.

  • Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
  • Influenza yearly
  • Pneumococcal

Use "don't break your HIP" to remember.

9

What vaccinations are NOT given to pregnant clients?

No LIVE vaccines to pregnant clients

Live vaccines are:

  • MMR and Varicella

Avoid pregnancy for at least 3 months after getting these vaccinations.

10
Immediate complication

What are the steps if a client has an anaphylactic reaction to a vaccination?

  1. assess respiration status and maintain a patent airway
  2. call HCP and rapid response team
  3. give oxygen
  4. start an IV and give normal saline
  5. prepare to give diphenhydramine and epinephrine
  6. possible intubation and ventilator
  7. document the event

11

What are the interventions if a client has a mild reaction to a vaccination such as a fever or discomfort at the site?

  • give acetaminophen or NSAIDs
  • cold packs

12

What does DTaP stand for?

  • diphtheria
  • tetanus
  • acellular pertussis

 

13

What does IPV stand for?

Inactivated polio vaccine

14

What does Hib stand for?

Haemophilus influenzae type B

15

What does PCV stand for?

pneumococcal conjugate PCV-13

16

What does MMR stand for?

  • measles
  • mump
  • rubella

17

What does TDaP stand for?

  • tetanus
  • diphtheria
  • acellular pertussis