Flashcards in Small animal abdominal pain Deck (9):
What is an acute abdomen?
syndrome that involves acute onset of clinical signs secondary to an intra-abdominal, typically potentially fatal disorder. Pain is a strong feature
4 main causes of abdominal pain
distension of a hollow organ
What are the common signs of abdominal pain?
prayer position (dog)
grunting / groaning
exposure to other infected animals
free fluid exam (aspirate and analyse)
radiography (free peritoneal gas)
What is GDV? (gastric dilation and volvulus)
twist of the stomach, the pyloris twists to the left ventrally
Problem with GDV
-obstruct caudal VC
-increase gastric pressure and cause avulsion of short gastric BV (mucosal haemorrhage and gut wall necrosis)
- stretch and avulsion of splenic vessels (splenic necrosis)
- cranial pressure on diaphragm (decreases ventilation)
Consequences / complications of GDV
ventricular premature complexes
Diagnostic test for GDV?
right lateral radiograph - stomach compartmentalised into two by a soft tissue band