Small Or Preterm Baby Flashcards Preview

Jason's MD3 Women's > Small Or Preterm Baby > Flashcards

Flashcards in Small Or Preterm Baby Deck (26):
1

Low birthweight is?

2

Extremely low birth weight?

3

Very low birthweight is?

4

Preterm?

5

Very preterm

6

Extremely preterm

7

What is small for gestational age?

Birthweight that is

8

Reasons for small gestational age?

Environmental
CHD/THN/renal
Illicit DRugs

9

Edwards syndrome is?

T18 - small, rocker bottom feet, overlapping fingers, heart defects

10

Small for gestational age placental reasons?

Twin-twin transfusion
Preeclampsia
Placental vascular thrombosis/infarction
Placental insufficiency.

11

General cause of preterm birth?

Idiopathic. Main reason.

Cervical incompetence
Multiple pregnancy
Uterine anomalies
Ante partum haemorrhage
Fetus not growing well.

12

IUGR cause?

Abdo circumference

13

Small for gestational age vs. preterm, preterm will be more at risk for everything except?

Hypoglycaemia

14

NEC?

Necrotizing Enterocolitis

15

What to do when 30weeker unexpected birth?

Pink : O2 sats
Warm: blankets
Sweet: maintain blood sugar

16

How to warm baby without incubator?

Heat up normal saline bags, wrap in towel, build a fort

17

What is Hyaline membrane disease? HMD?


Airways fill up with pink substance due to surfactant deficiency

18

Causes of respiratory distress in preterm?

HMD
Pneumonia
Wet lung

19

How to deliver 02

Nasal prongs/face mask
Incubator
Nasal CPAP/HF
ETT + positive pressure

20

O2 sats in preterm should be?

88-92%
>95 in term babies

21

Temp for preterm?

36.8 degrees. Per Axilla (PA)
Reduce loses (glad bag)
Evaporation, convection, radiation, conduction

22

Nutrition for preterm? BGL

BGL >2.5mmol/l
10% dextrose

Enteral breast milk

23

Why do preterm babies die?

24

28-36 weeks reason babies die?

Malformation
Sepsis

25

Why improved survival in preterm?

Improved surfactants
NICUs
In utero transfers

26

Impairments for preterm?

CP
Blindness
Deafness
Developmental delay (intelligence testing at age7)