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Flashcards in Social attention Deck (54)
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1

often we are drawn to the ____ aspects of a scene and attend to ______ more than objects

social, people

2

what are used to track peoples attention?

eye trackers (earliest built in 1800s)

3

what are the 2 types of eye trackers?

desktop or mobile

4

what are the + and - to desktop eye trackers?

can track a whole range of eye movements but stuck to a lab study

5

what are the + and - to mobile eye trackers?

can go out in the real world but have more limited eye movement tracking

6

what does eye tracking software record?

eye movements, micro saccades, fixations, pupil dilation

7

what does eye tracking data provide info on?

what captures attention, what we deem important, insight into underlying cognitive processes, how eye movements differ on different tasks

8

what did Yarbus's (earliest eye tracking study) show?

showed people a picture and found they paid most attention to other people/social information in the scene

9

attention to social info in our environment =

social attention

10

what is the importance of social cues?

interacting with others is crucial for development, aids learning key social skills,, evolutionary perspective = interpreting social partners behaviour and understanding social scenarios assists integration into a social group

11

what did Kuhl, Tsao Lui (2003) study show when exposing 32 infants to language either live or on a screen?

infants who received chinese language lessons showed significant effect of learning in live condition, whereas TV exposure didn't cause children to learn as much language

12

what body part captures our attention more than anything else?

eyes!!

13

what can babies do within the first week of life?

firriest their attention to the eyes in a face

14

by how many months can babies follow gaze?

3 months

15

by how many months can babies orient their attention to the location of a gaze (gaze following)?

12 months

16

what were the results of Farroni et al's study looking at gaze sensitivity in infants?

found they look significantly longer at direct gaze compared to averted gaze (suggests a preference for gaze is innate)

17

what were the results of Levy et al's study that looked at eyes on human, humanoid and monsters where the eyes were located on the hands of the monster?

eyes continue to capture attention > main fixation regardless of the face. ppts looked at the monsters hands because this was where the eyes were located and is the main source of social information

18

why are human eyes evolved to communicate compared to non-primates eyes?

have a white sclera which makes pupils/iris pop out so easier to follow movement of pupils

19

what do eyes give us insight into?

what are partners are paying attention to, helps us understand their thought process

20

what were the results on the study on eye polarity?

ppts found it difficult to guess direction of faze when eye polarity was reversed (black outside and white inside of eyes) we recognise normally that the dark part of the eye does the looking

21

black centre with white surrounding =

normal polarity

22

white centre with black surrounding =

reversed polarity

23

with EEGs there are specific ___ associated with certain stimuli

ERPs

24

what ERP is associated with faces?

N170

25

there is _____ and _____ N170 to eyes vs. faces showing sensitivity to eyes and suggests different underlying processing for eyes and faces

greater, delayed

26

what is the insight of social attention from fMRIs?

not just one single brain region associated with social attention

27

automatic, unconscious attention where gaze is drawn to automatically =

exogenous attention

28

what 2 areas are responsible for coding gaze attention, eye contact and emotional responses from eyes?

amygdala and hippocampus

29

what brain area is involved with facial identity recognition?

fusiform gyrus

30

what brain area is involved with ToM processing?

medial prefrontal cortex