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Flashcards in Social cognitive Learning theory Deck (10)
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1

What did Walter Mischel say about personality traits and what did he propose instead?

- personality "trait" scores = very bad correlation/ reliability
- CAP

2

What is CAP?

Cognitive-Affective Personality
- BEHAVIOUR is best predicted from a comprehensive understanding of the person, the situation and the interaction between person and situation
- since there may be variation in certain "traits" depending on the situation
- behaviour signature
--> intraindividual profiles for verbal and physical aggression for one person

3

What are behaviour signatures?

People's pattern of variability is the behavioral signature of their personality, or their stable pattern of behaving differently in various situations.

4

Why do some people thing Walter Mische is making an over generalised statement?

false dichotomy:
- trait assessments can 'allow for' person situation interactions
- vis primary + smaller traits

5

What are the distinguishing features of the social cognitive theory?

Emphasis is on...
- social origins of behaviour
- cognitive processes
- people as active agents
-complex behaviour learning (w/ absence of direct rewards
- systematic research
- behaviour as consistently 'situation specific'

6

Describe classical conditioning

1. CS == a bell or something
2. US == something natural == UR
3. Pair the CS + US == UR
4. Eventually just the CS == CR (UR)

7

Describe operant conditioning

- behaviours are more likely to be repeated when followed by welcomed outcomes (+/- reinforcement)
- behaviours are less likely to be repeated when followed by an unwelcome outcome "punished"

8

What new avenues did Albert Bandura's social cognitive theory add to the learning theories?

- vicarious conditioning
- observational learning
- competencies + cognitions
- goals + standards

9

What evidence is there for vicarious learning?

Berger - 1962
- people witnessed a tone followed by the appearance of another reacting in pain to an electric shock
- these witnesses later exhibited a conditional emotional response to the tone

10

What evidence is there of observational learning?

Bandura, Ross + Ross, 1961
- og studying if aggression came from frustration
- children watched a woman or man being aggressive or calm with a toy
- boys = more aggressive + more influenced bu male model
- girls = not influenced so much by both genders + did model aggression verbally
= learning happens but behaviour may not necessarily be manifested