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Flashcards in Social cognitive Learning theory Deck (10)
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What did Walter Mischel say about personality traits and what did he propose instead?

- personality "trait" scores = very bad correlation/ reliability


What is CAP?

Cognitive-Affective Personality
- BEHAVIOUR is best predicted from a comprehensive understanding of the person, the situation and the interaction between person and situation
- since there may be variation in certain "traits" depending on the situation
- behaviour signature
--> intraindividual profiles for verbal and physical aggression for one person


What are behaviour signatures?

People's pattern of variability is the behavioral signature of their personality, or their stable pattern of behaving differently in various situations.


Why do some people thing Walter Mische is making an over generalised statement?

false dichotomy:
- trait assessments can 'allow for' person situation interactions
- vis primary + smaller traits


What are the distinguishing features of the social cognitive theory?

Emphasis is on...
- social origins of behaviour
- cognitive processes
- people as active agents
-complex behaviour learning (w/ absence of direct rewards
- systematic research
- behaviour as consistently 'situation specific'


Describe classical conditioning

1. CS == a bell or something
2. US == something natural == UR
3. Pair the CS + US == UR
4. Eventually just the CS == CR (UR)


Describe operant conditioning

- behaviours are more likely to be repeated when followed by welcomed outcomes (+/- reinforcement)
- behaviours are less likely to be repeated when followed by an unwelcome outcome "punished"


What new avenues did Albert Bandura's social cognitive theory add to the learning theories?

- vicarious conditioning
- observational learning
- competencies + cognitions
- goals + standards


What evidence is there for vicarious learning?

Berger - 1962
- people witnessed a tone followed by the appearance of another reacting in pain to an electric shock
- these witnesses later exhibited a conditional emotional response to the tone


What evidence is there of observational learning?

Bandura, Ross + Ross, 1961
- og studying if aggression came from frustration
- children watched a woman or man being aggressive or calm with a toy
- boys = more aggressive + more influenced bu male model
- girls = not influenced so much by both genders + did model aggression verbally
= learning happens but behaviour may not necessarily be manifested