Flashcards in social groups and factors affecting participation Deck (42):
how does gender affect participation ?
boys and men are more likely to take part in sport. there is more discrimination towards girls and women than men in sport dis encouraging them to take part in sport
how does ethnicity affect participation ?
some people from an ethnic minority background as less likely to take part in sport. there are limited role models for people from minority backgrounds so they are less likely to want to take part in sport.
how does cultural and religious backgrounds affect participation in sport ?
food - some cultures have times where they fast meaning energy levels are low
dress codes - can make participation more difficult
how does age and factor affect participation ?
between the ages of 16-25 participation is at its highest. free time and disposable income can affect participation levels. but skill levels are increased as you get older. but older people are more likely to get injured.
how does friends family and peers affect participation ?
some families are in in favour of participation and some are not which affects participation levels. providing the amount of equipment for a certain sport can be a struggle. also providing transport for training and competitions etc. can be difficult. also some kids will have a lack of role models to look up to and want to participate like them.
how does disabilty affect participation ?
-limited teachers or coaches that are qualified
-limited about of clubs and facilities that fills their needs
-also some may depend on disability benefits so disposable income is low
-media and social media courage can sometimes be low
what is commercialisation ?
the managment or exploitation of a person, organisation or activity designed to make a profit
hows does broadcast media commercialise ?
- television - pay for sports channels
- radio - portable listen to when and where you want
how does social media commercialise ?
internet provides update to date coverage and news around the clock. providing a wide range of information all the time
how does print media commercialise ?
newspapers - daily and weekly dedicated sports pages
magazines - carry sports related story free and paid for
how does outdoor media commercialise ?
billboards at sporting events used to advertise products to a large number of people.
what is sponsorship ?
is an individual group, usually a company, which provides support to an individual, organisation, activity or event
3 forms of sponsorship ?
-financial in return for promotion
-clothing /equipment with brand logo
-facilities that are usually named after company
what is hawkeye ?
a computer system that uses several cameras to track flight and landing of things like balls
what is performance analysis aids ?
wearable technology that monitors fitness or records a performers movement. data is then collected and a full analysis of performers performance is carried out
what is television match officials ?
'video referees' - used to review decisions made by on field match officials.
what is sports etiquette ?
convention or unwritten rule in an activity
what is sportsmanship ?
conforming to the rules, spirit and etiquette of the sport
what is gamesmanship ?
attempting to gain an advantage by stretching the rules to their limits
what is contract to compete ?
an unwritten agreement between opponents to follow and abide by the written and unwritten rules of the sport
what are stimulants
drugs that increase mental and physical alertness
what are narcotic analgesics
reduce feeling of pain
what are anabolic agents
promote muscle and bone growth
increase red blood count
increase rate of urination
what is blood doping
removing blood freezing it and then re injecting it
what is beta blockers
reduces effects of adrenaline
pros and cons of stimulants
+ maintain focus
- increased risk of strokes, high blood pressure and headaches
pros and cons of narcotic agents
+they can train harder than other
- can lead to further injury
pros and cons of anabolic agents
+ train harder and more frequently
- higher risk of injury
pros and cons of peptide hormones
+ improves aerobic ability
- higher risks of stokes and heart attack
pros and cons of blood doping
+ higher amount of oxygen carrying capacity
- higher risks of stroke
pros and cons of beta blockers
+ steadys nerves
- tiredness and weakness
cons of direct and indirect aggression
aggression can get out of hand and rules are broken
pros of direct and indirect aggression
can distract players and increase scores and points
advantage of performance enhancing drugs ?
-performance improves more chance of success
-success can bring fame and fortune
-advantage over other athletes
disadvantages of performance enhancing drugs ?
-health can be put at risk
-if caught negative media attention, ending career
-athletes can be stripped of all medals/titles and could be banned from sport
-reputation can be damaged and lose sponsorship deals
positives of spectators
-positive atmosphere can be created
-brings money into sports/clubs
-provide home field advantages
-increasing profile of the sport
negatives of spectators
-increases negative pressure
-can intimidate other fans
-crowd security costs money
what is a hooligan ?
a tough , aggressive or violent, troublemaker typically belongs to a gang that goes to make trouble
7 ways to prevent hooliganism ?
-earlier kick offs
-all seater stadiums
-travel restrictions and banning orders
-seregation of fans