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Flashcards in social groups and factors affecting participation Deck (42):
1

how does gender affect participation ?

boys and men are more likely to take part in sport. there is more discrimination towards girls and women than men in sport dis encouraging them to take part in sport

2

how does ethnicity affect participation ?

some people from an ethnic minority background as less likely to take part in sport. there are limited role models for people from minority backgrounds so they are less likely to want to take part in sport.

3

how does cultural and religious backgrounds affect participation in sport ?

food - some cultures have times where they fast meaning energy levels are low
dress codes - can make participation more difficult

4

how does age and factor affect participation ?

between the ages of 16-25 participation is at its highest. free time and disposable income can affect participation levels. but skill levels are increased as you get older. but older people are more likely to get injured.

5

how does friends family and peers affect participation ?

some families are in in favour of participation and some are not which affects participation levels. providing the amount of equipment for a certain sport can be a struggle. also providing transport for training and competitions etc. can be difficult. also some kids will have a lack of role models to look up to and want to participate like them.

6

how does disabilty affect participation ?

-limited teachers or coaches that are qualified
-limited about of clubs and facilities that fills their needs
-also some may depend on disability benefits so disposable income is low
-media and social media courage can sometimes be low

7

what is commercialisation ?

the managment or exploitation of a person, organisation or activity designed to make a profit

8

hows does broadcast media commercialise ?

- television - pay for sports channels
- radio - portable listen to when and where you want

9

how does social media commercialise ?

internet provides update to date coverage and news around the clock. providing a wide range of information all the time

10

how does print media commercialise ?

newspapers - daily and weekly dedicated sports pages
magazines - carry sports related story free and paid for

11

how does outdoor media commercialise ?

billboards at sporting events used to advertise products to a large number of people.

12

what is sponsorship ?

is an individual group, usually a company, which provides support to an individual, organisation, activity or event

13

3 forms of sponsorship ?

-financial in return for promotion
-clothing /equipment with brand logo
-facilities that are usually named after company

14

what is hawkeye ?

a computer system that uses several cameras to track flight and landing of things like balls

15

what is performance analysis aids ?

wearable technology that monitors fitness or records a performers movement. data is then collected and a full analysis of performers performance is carried out

16

what is television match officials ?

'video referees' - used to review decisions made by on field match officials.

17

what is sports etiquette ?

convention or unwritten rule in an activity

18

what is sportsmanship ?

conforming to the rules, spirit and etiquette of the sport

19

what is gamesmanship ?

attempting to gain an advantage by stretching the rules to their limits

20

what is contract to compete ?

an unwritten agreement between opponents to follow and abide by the written and unwritten rules of the sport

21

what are stimulants

drugs that increase mental and physical alertness

22

what are narcotic analgesics

reduce feeling of pain

23

what are anabolic agents

promote muscle and bone growth

24

peptide hormones

increase red blood count

25

diuretic drugs

increase rate of urination

26

what is blood doping

removing blood freezing it and then re injecting it

27

what is beta blockers

reduces effects of adrenaline

28

pros and cons of stimulants

+ maintain focus
- increased risk of strokes, high blood pressure and headaches

29

pros and cons of narcotic agents

+they can train harder than other
- can lead to further injury

30

pros and cons of anabolic agents

+ train harder and more frequently
- higher risk of injury

31

pros and cons of peptide hormones

+ improves aerobic ability
- higher risks of stokes and heart attack

32

pros and cons of blood doping

+ higher amount of oxygen carrying capacity
- higher risks of stroke

33

pros and cons of beta blockers

+ steadys nerves
- tiredness and weakness

34

cons of direct and indirect aggression

aggression can get out of hand and rules are broken

35

pros of direct and indirect aggression

can distract players and increase scores and points

36

advantage of performance enhancing drugs ?

-performance improves more chance of success
-success can bring fame and fortune
-advantage over other athletes

37

disadvantages of performance enhancing drugs ?

-health can be put at risk
-if caught negative media attention, ending career
-athletes can be stripped of all medals/titles and could be banned from sport
-reputation can be damaged and lose sponsorship deals

38

positives of spectators

-positive atmosphere can be created
-brings money into sports/clubs
-provide home field advantages
-increasing profile of the sport

39

negatives of spectators

-increases negative pressure
-can intimidate other fans
-crowd trouble
-crowd security costs money

40

what is a hooligan ?

a tough , aggressive or violent, troublemaker typically belongs to a gang that goes to make trouble

41

7 ways to prevent hooliganism ?

-earlier kick offs
-improved security
-educating spectators
-all seater stadiums
-travel restrictions and banning orders
-seregation of fans
-alcohol restrictions

42

6 things that causes hooliganism ?

-rivalries between teams
-media hype
-drugs and alcohol
-links between supporters and gang culture
-supporters frustration
-display of masculinity to impress others