Spondylolysis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Spondylolysis Deck (16):
1

What is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general public?

a range of 2.6% to 10%

2

What is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis?

the native Alaskan (Inuit) population

3

What does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to?

the uniquely human upright stance or erect posture

4

Lumbar spondylolysis is associated with what characteristics?

familial association, spina bifida occulta, racial/ethnic disparities, gender and locational bias, youthful incidence and activities requiring repetitive stress on the spine

5

What is the age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis?

10-20 year olds

6

What activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar spondylolysis?

gymnastics, dance, soccer

7

What fills the space in a lumbar spondylolysis?

fibrocartilagenous material

8

What is the appearance of the lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

a Scotty dog

9

What is the appearance of a spondylolysis in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

a collared Scotty dog

10

In an oblique x-ray, spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the Scotty dog?

the neck of the Scotty dog

11

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the eye of a Scotty dog?

the pedicle

12

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the ear of a Scotty fog?

the superior articular process

13

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the nose of a Scotty dog?

the transverse process

14

What characteristics are associated with cervical spondylolysis?

rare, congenital, gender biased toward men, most common at C6 and linked to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

15

What characteristics are associated with sacral spondylolysis?

rare in general population, within typical percents in the native Alaskan (Inuit) population, seems to be acquired, gender biased toward men, most common at S1 and linked to activities such as kayaking and harpooning

16

What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in Spinal II?

a separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pas defect)