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Flashcards in Myology of the back Deck (51):
1

What forms the spinal accessory nerve innervating the trapezius?

C1-C5 cord levels contribute to the spial root of the spinal accessory nerve

2

The lattissimus dorsi is innervated by what nerve?

the thoracodorsal nerve

3

What forms the thoracodorsal nerve innervating the lattissimus dorsi?

ventral rami from C6-C8

4

What forms the dorsal scapular nerve?

the ventral ramus of C5

5

What is the innervation of the splenius capitis?

dorsal rami of middle cervical spinal nerves (C3-C5 cord levels)

6

Splrniud cervicis will attach to what location on the spine?

lateral mass of C1 & posterior tubercle of transverse process on C1-C4

7

What forms the dorsal scapular nerve?

the ventral ramus of C5

8

Which muscles are identified as erector spinae or sacrospinalis muscles?

iliocostalis, longssimus, spinalis

9

What is the innervation of the iliocostalis umborum?

dorsal rami of lower thoracic and all lumbar spinal nerves

10

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the iliocostalis thoracis?

none

11

What is the insertion for the iliocostalis thoracis?

costal angle of the upper 6-7 ribs, transverse process of C7

12

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the longssimus thoracis?

accessory process & transverse processes of L1-L5, spinous processes of L3-L5 and median sacral crest of S1-S3

13

What is the innervation of the longissimus cervicis?

dorsal rami of C4-C8 and T1-T2 spinal nerves (C4-C8 &T1-T2 cord levels)

14

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the spinalis thoracis?

spinous processes of T11 & T12-L1 &' L2

15

Which muscles are identified as transversospinalis muscles?

semispialis, multifidis and rotators

16

How many vertebrae can be attached to a single segment by transversospinalis muscles?

as many as nine vertebrae

17

What segment will represent the lowest attachment site for the semispinalis thoracis?

T12

18

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the smispinlis ervicis?

transverse tubercles of T1-T5 or T6 & articular processes of C4-C7

19

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the semispinalis capitis?

Tranverse tubercles of C7, T1-T6 or T7 & articular processes of C4-C6

20

The semispinalis capitis and spinalis capitis may fuse to form what muscle?

biventer cervicis

21

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the classic multifidis?

articular process of C4-C7, transverse processes of T1-T12, mammillary processes of L1-L5 and the dorsal surface of S1-S4 or S5

22

Contraction of the classic multifidis will result in what movements of the vertebral column?

lateral flexion & rotation of the sine, maintains the lumbar lordotic curve and prevents entrapment of zygapophyseal capsular ligament during movement

23

Contraction of multifidis cervicis will result in what movement?

alters the zygapophyseal capsular ligament responses to load distribution determines the cervical spine response to injury as evidenced by neck ad is a significant contributor to postural control of the head and neck

24

Contraction of multifidis lumborum will result in what movements?

lateral flexion & rotation of the lumbar spine, maintains the lumbar lordotic curve and prevents entrapment of lumbar zygapophyseal capsular ligament during movement

25

Which muscles of the spine exhibit a reversal of the expected origin - insertion combination?

iliocostalis lumborum pars lumborum, longissimus thoracic pars lumborum and multifidis lumborum

26

Rotator muscles are typically identified in what region of the spine?

the thoracic region

27

Which suboccipital muscle lacks an attachment to the skull?

obliquus capitis inferior

28

Which nerve will innervate all suboccipital muscles?

the dorsal ramus of C1, the suboccipital nerve

29

What is the origin of the obliquus capitis inferior?

C2 spinous process and lamina

30

An increase in the density of muscle spindles s most apparent in which suboccipital muscle?

obliquus capitis inferior

31

What is the proposed function of the suboccipital muscle group?

postural stabilizers of the atlanto-occipital and atlanto-axial joints

32

Which muscles are known to ttach to dura mater?

rectus capitis posterior major, rectus capitis posterior minor & obliquus capitis inferior

33

Interspinalis is paired in which regions of the spine?

cervical and lumbar regions

34

Based on the density of muscle spindles what is the proposed function of the Interspinalis?

acts as a proprioceptive transducer in conjunction with intertransversarii to coordinate the smooth movement of the spine and to maintain appropriate posture

35

The trapezius is innervated by what?

the spinal accessory nerve

36

Which of the cervical intertransversarii is innervated by dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves?

posterior medial belly, cervical intertransversarii

37

What is the origin of the medial belly of the lumbar intertransversarii?

accessory process of transverse process L1-L4
Mammillary process of superior articular process L1-L4

38

Which muscle group is innervated by both dorsal rami and ventral rami of spinal nerves?

intertransversarii

39

Based on the density of muscle spindles what is the proposed function of the intertransversarii?

acts as a proprioceptive transducer in conjunction with interspinalis to coordinate the smooth movement of the spine and to maintain appropriate posture

40

What is the origin of the longus colli?

vertebral bodies of C5-C6, T1-T3 & anterior tubercles of transverse processes of C3-C5

41

What is the origin of the rectus capitis anterior?

lateral mass & costal element of the transverse process of C1

42

What will innervate the rectus capitis anterior?

ventral rami of C1-C2 spinal nerves

43

What will innervate the rectus capitis lateralis?

the ventral rami of C1-C2 spinal nerves

44

What is the insertion of the anterior scalene?

ridge and anterior scalene tubercle of the first rib

45

What is the insertion of the middle scalene?

between the tubercle and groove for the subclavian artery on the first rib

46

What is the insertion of the posterior scalene?

outer surface of second rib

47

What will innervate the posterior scalene?

the ventral rami of C6-C8 spinal nerves

48

The quadratus lumborum is implicated in the formation of which ligament?

the iliolumbar ligament

49

What is the origin of the psoas major?

vertebral bodies T12, L1-L5, S1 and transverse processes of L1-L5

50

What is the origin of the psoas minor?

vertebral bodies of T12, L1

51

What will innervate the psoas minor?

the ventral ramus of L1 spinal nerve