Substance-Related or Addictive Disorder Unit 3 (1) Flashcards Preview

Semester Three - Half One - Nursing 211 > Substance-Related or Addictive Disorder Unit 3 (1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Substance-Related or Addictive Disorder Unit 3 (1) Deck (20):
1

Addiction

State of compulsive or chronic need for a substance that is so strong that physical (tolerance may develop) or psychological distress occurs

2

Blackout

Amnesic episode i.e period of time in which an individual is conscious and appears to behave normally, but for which the individual has no recollection (occurs with the use of alcohol)

3

Abstinence

Refraining from use of a substance

4

Crashing

Hunger and rebound depression which occurs after the initial pleasurable experience with amphetamines and cocaine (the rebound depression may be so severe that suicidal ideation is also present)

5

Confabulation

Behavioral response to memory loss in which the client "makes up" imaginary events and inappropriate words to fill in memory gaps

6

Detoxification

Treatment modality used to decrease the symptomsof withdrawal from a substance (e.g. alcohol or methadone detoxification) and gradually return the individual to a substance free state

7

Intoxication

State achieved after ingestion of a substance in sufficient quantities to produce VS and MS changes, includes symptoms and effects of use

8

Dual Diagnosis

Diagnosis of an individual with two disorders in the DSM-5, a mental illness diagnosis and a substance related disorder (also know as MICA or mentally ill chemical abuser)

9

Flashback

Reoccurence of visual distortions and/or intense emotional experiences similar to those occuring during a trip

10

Loss of Control

(in alcoholism) the individual cannot control the amount of alcohol use on any given occasion, although s/he is not driven to drink

(in other substance abuse) the inability to stop using the drug

11

Mainlining

Taking substances IV (narcotics or amphetamines may be injected)

12

Tolerance

State occuring when metabolic changes in the tissue response to a substance are diminished resulting in the need to increase the amount of drug used in order to obtain the desired effect. Long-term tolerance and excessive tissue damage may eventually cause an inverse (opposite) effect where decreased amounts of the drug are needed to achieve the desired effect

13

Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome

Occurs when a physically dependent individual is deprived of the opiod drug

14

Trip

Unpredictable experience (may be good or bad) that occurs when a hallucinogen is taken

15

Withdrawal

Progressive predictable set of symptoms occurring when a substance is discontinued or a dose is reduced

16

Withdrawal Delirium

(formerly called delirium tremens) Serious, potentially life threatening form of alcohol withdrawal

17

MICA

Mental ill chemical abuser

18

Hallucinogens

 

 

19

Stimulants

20

Sedative hypnotics