T2 - AF, ARDS, PE, Chest Trauma (Josh) Flashcards Preview

Adult Health 1 - (Josh) > T2 - AF, ARDS, PE, Chest Trauma (Josh) > Flashcards

Flashcards in T2 - AF, ARDS, PE, Chest Trauma (Josh) Deck (8)
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Acute Respiratory Failure (ARF):

Which type is Type I?

Which type is Type II?

Oxygenation Failure

Ventilatory Failure


Acute Resp. Failure (ARF):

What are ABGs in Type I?

PaO2 less than 60 (hypoxemia is hallmark sign)

SaO2 less than 90

PCO2 35-45 (normal)


Acute Resp. Failure (ARF):

What is etiology of Type I?

Breakdown of O2 transport from alveolus to the arterial flow

V/Q Mismatch
- air movement adequate but perfusion is decreased


Acute Resp. Failure (ARF):

What do ABGs look like with Type II?

PCO2 greater than 45 (Hypercapnea)

pH less than 7.35 (acidic)


Acute Resp. Failure (ARF):

Etiology of Type II

Musculoskeletal or anatomical lung dysfunction or suppression

V/Q Mismatch:
- air movement inadequate but perfusion ok


Acute Resp. Failure (ARF):

COPD, Head Injuries, Narcotic Overdose, ALS, Guillain-Bare, and Muscular Dystrophy are causes of which Type of ARF?

Type II (Ventilatory Failure)


Acute Resp. Failure (ARF):

Pneumonia, Aspiration, Atelectasis, and PE are causes of which type of ARF?

Type I (Oxgenation Failure)


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