Tech notes - Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tech notes - Chapter 19 Deck (19):

What does the Vet Tech practice model provide?

Vet Tech practice model provides a structured nursing process to ensure that consistently excellent care is provided to each and every patient.


What is the tech evaluation?

A tech eval is a clinical judgement that the vet tech makes regarding the physiologic and psychological needs of the patient


What to do with a dyspneic patient.

Unduly stressing a dyspneic patient can cause respiratory arrest. Ensure a patent airway, provide oxygen immediately, and do not perform diagnostic tests until the patient is stable.


What is the first sign that heart failure has progressed?

The first sign that heart disease has progressed to heart failure is tachypnea. Teaching the owner to monitor the resting respiratory rate of the patient at home therefore is an important tactic of early detection.


What's a common sign of CHF in dogs?

Coughing is a common sign of congestive heart failure in the dog, but not in the cat.


System hypertension is often secondary to what?

System hypertension is often secondary to another disease such as chronic kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, or hyperadrenocorticism.


Is it important to distinguish between vomiting and regurgitation?

It is important to distinguish between vomiting and regurgitation, which often appear the same to the owner. When a medical history is taken, careful questioning regarding these episodes is necessary to make the distinction.


What causes hepatic lipidosis?

Hepatic lipidosis is caused by a derangement of lipid metabolism associated with anorexia of approximately 7 days.


How do you diagnose chronic kidney disease?

Diagnosis of chronic kidney disease is based on serial documentation of azotemia with concurrent inadequate urine specific gravity in a well-hydrated patient.


How do you manage chronic kidney disease medically?

Medical management of chronic kidney disease focuses on slowing progression of the disease, treating concurrent disease, correcting electrolyte imbalances, ameliorating clinical signs, and providing nutritional support.


Is feline lower urinary tract disease always obstructive?

Feline lower urinary tract disease can be nonobstructive or obstructive.


What are the clinical signs of diabetes mellitus?

Clinical signs of diabetes mellitus include polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss, and increased appetite. Cats may have a plantigrade stance, dogs may have cataracts.


What are immune-mediated diseases?

Immune-mediated diseases are those in which the immune system has lost tolerance of self and perpetuates damage to the body's organs


How can you diagnose osteoarthritis?

Historical information on a patient with osteoarthritis points to orthopedic pain and reduced mobility.


What is barrier nursing?

Barrier nursing is a method that creates a "barrier" between a contagious patient and the nurse, in an effort to reduce transmission of an infectious pathogen to other patients.Wearing shoe covers, gloves, and a gown during nursing care and isolating the patient when able are components of barrier nursing.


Do benign tumors spread?

Benign tumors do not invade or destroy surrounding normal tissues or spread to a new site. However, they can still impair tissue function, causing significant problems through their physical presence.


What are the preferred treatment options for various types of cancer?

Surgery and radiotherapy are preferred treatment modalities for local cancers; chemotherapy is the preferred treatment for systemic cancers. Depending on the cancer, a single modality may be best, whereas for others, a multimodal approach is ideal.


Is there a safe level of occupational exposure to chemotherapy drugs?

There is no safe level of occupational exposure to chemotherapy drugs. Safe handling and administration protocols must be followed to limit exposure and protect staff.


Can chemotherapeutic drugs differentiate between cancer and normal cells?

Chemotherapeutic drugs cannot differentiate between cancer cells and normal cells that have high proliferation rates, such as cells of the bone marrow and GI tract, and hair follicles. Damage to these cells accounts for some of the toxicities seen with chemotherapy.