Tech notes - Chapter 21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tech notes - Chapter 21 Deck (11):
1

What is of great importance when ill puppies or kittens are presented to the clinic?

Because of the unusual or nonspecific clinical signs associated with ill puppies and kittens, it is of great importance to obtain a comprehensive history not only of the patient, but also of the littermates, parents, and other relatives.

2

Where should neonatal puppies and kittens be examined preferably?

Neonatal puppies and kittens should be examined in a room in which no other animals with infectious diseases were recently present. Freshly washed, clean towels and blankets should be available and examination gloves worn to minimize the spread of infectious agents because neonates do not have a mature immune system.

3

How do you determine the sex in kittens?

Although sex determination in normal newborn puppies is unambiguous, it can be challenging in kittens. The sex of kittens can be determined at birth by evaluating the anogenital distance, which is shorter in females (7.6 +/- 1 mm) than in males (12.9 +/- 1.5 mm).

4

Is it normal to find urine specific gravities and glucose in the urine of neonates?

Because neonates have immature kidneys, it is normal to find urine specific gravities between 1.012 and 1.020, as well as glucose in the urine of puppies and kittens younger than 2 weeks of age.

5

What is a good thing to have handy for new puppy and kitten owners?

Have puppy and kitten care kits handy that describe whom to call in an emergency, vaccination plans, whom to contact for behavior issues, and what to feed the pediatric pet.

6

Why is hypothermia in neonates such a serious problem?

Hypothermia in the neonate is a serious problem. Gut motility slows with decreasing body temperature, ultimately causing ileus. When hypothermic neonates are tube-fed, the milk replacer may be regurgitated and aspirated, resulting in pneumonia, or the ingesta may ferment, leading to bloat.

7

Is fluid replacement therapy a key element in nursing a neonate back to health?

Dehydration occurs very quickly in neonates because their fluid requirements are much greater than those of adults, and they are less able to conserve fluids. Therefore, fluid replacement therapy is a key element in nursing a neonate back to health.

8

What is one of the most common causes of seizures in neonatal puppies and kittens?

Hypoglycemia is one of the most common causes of seizures in neonatal puppies and kittens.

9

What is a safe and efficient method of supplementing neonates?

Tube feeding is a safe and efficient method of supplementing neonates, especially when more than one neonate needs to be fed. Risk of aspiration is less than with syringe or bottle feeding.

10

What is fading puppy or kitten syndrome?

Fading puppy or kitten syndrome is not a diagnosis but rather a clinical description and requires further workup to find a cause.

11

What's the first indication that a neonate is not doing well?

Weight loss, or lack of weight gain, is the first indication that a neonate is not doing well. Therefore, proper identification and accurate daily weight recordings for each orphan ensure that a problem will be identified before it is too late for therapy.