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Flashcards in terminology Deck (27)
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1

What is discourse?

The text's organisation
(e.g. -introduction and conclusion
-paragraphs
-turn taking
-adjacency pairs)

2

What are pragmatics?

Underlying meanings or how the text contributes to the meaning
(e.g. -politeness
-sub text
-Grice's maxims)

3

Define grammar

rules or structures to create words, phrases or sentences
(e.g. sentence types, ellipsis, tense, non-fluency features)

4

Define lexis and semantics

words and their meanings
(e.g. -lexical fields
-colloquial language
-synonyms
-neologisms
-mono/polysyllabic words)

5

What is phonology?

sounds of words or texts
(e.g. accents, rhyming, rhythm, alliteration)

6

Define graphology

the layout of a piece of text
(e.g. -images
-colour
-white spaces
-font
-emboldening)

7

What do adjectives do?

they provide extra information/detail to nouns
(e.g. colours or size)

8

Define collocations

words that you would expect to find with another (association)
NOT A COMPOUD

9

What is an idiom?

the sentence cannot be understood through the literal definitions or meanings of the words it contains
(e.g. It's raining cats and dogs)

10

What is a semantic field?

a semantic field is a range of lexis (words) associated with a particular subject
(e.g. football: goal, net, tackle etc.)

11

Define pragmatics

the implied/suggested meaning of language in it's context or the situation. The meaning of it cannot be found in the words themself.

12

Define synthetic personalisation

addressing a large audience as if you were addressing them individually.

13

what is a synonym?

words with similar meanings/definitions

14

what is an antonym?

words with opposite meanings/definitions
e.g. hot - cold

15

What is an auxiliary verb?

'helping' words/verbs that gives detail to the sentence
e.g. it HAS been raining (tense)

16

what is denotation?

dictionary definitions or the literal definition

17

what is connotation?

the associated meaning

18

what is field?

the purpose or subject matter of the text

19

what is the audience?

the reader/listener/viewer

20

what is mode?

the medium of discourse

21

what is function?

the role or purpose of the text

22

what is context of production and reception?

the setting of writing and the distribution to the reader

23

what is formality/register?

the level to which a text follows rules or customs

24

define syntax

a sentence structure

25

What is syntactical parallelism?

When two sentence structures correspond with one another

26

What is juxtaposition?

Two things being placed together with contrasting effect

27

What is semantic derogation?

When a word's meaning becomes associated with something bad
(e.g. bitch used to mean female dog and now it means horrible girl)