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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (23)
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1

Amenorrhea

Absence of menstrual flow

2

Dysmenorrhea

Pain during or shortly before menstruation, more common in smokers and obese women.

3

Where is dysmenorrhea pain usually located?

In the suprapubic area or lower abdomen, may radiate to lower back or upper thighs

4

Primary dysmenorrhea

A condition associated with ovulatory cycles, has a biochemical basis and arises from the release of prostaglandins with menses, excessive release of prostaglandins increases the amplitude and frequency of uterine contractions causing vasospasm, not caused by an underlying pathology

5

Secondary Dysmenorrhea

Menstrual pain that develops later in life than primary, typically after age 25, associated with pelvic pathology

6

Secondary Dysmenorrhea pain

Dull, lower abdominal aching that radiates to the back or thighs, bloating or pelvic fullness

7

PMS

Complex, poorly understood condition that includes one or more of a large number of physical and psychological symptoms beginning in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, occurring to such a degree that lifestyle or work is affected

8

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

More severe variance of PMS, the most common symptoms are those associated with mood disturbances

9

Menopause

Average age is 51, treat with hormone replacement therapy

10

Osteoporosis

Bone mass declines to such an extent that fractures occur with minimal trauma, placing women into long term care with the resulting loss of being independent, most women are unaware of having osteoporosis until they fracture the wrist or hip

11

Endometriosis

Presence and growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. Contain glands and stoma and responds to cyclic hormone stimulation, tissue grows during the proliferative and secretory phases of the cycle, may worsen with repeated cycles

12

When does endometriosis usually develop?

3rd or 4th decades of life

13

Symptoms of endometriosis

Pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia (painful intercourse), impaired fertility

14

Treatment of endometriosis

OCPs: suppress pituitary gonadotropin secretion

15

Oligomenorrhea

Infrequent menstruation

16

Hypomenorrhea

Scanty at normal intervals

17

Menorrhagia

Excessive bleeding

18

Metrorrhagia

Bleeding in between periods

19

Uterine Leiomyomas (Fibroids)

Benign tumors of the smooth muscle of the uterus with an unknown cause, occur in about 1/4 of women of reproductive age, more in african americans, common cause of menorrhagia

20

Fibroadenoma

Most common benign neoplasm of the breast, unknown cause, women experience tenderness in the tumor during the menstrual cycle, do not increase in size in response to the menstrual cycle, increase in size during pregnancy and decrease as the woman ages

21

Galactorrhea

Bilaterally spontaneous, milky, sticky discharge

22

Mammary duct ectasia

Inflammation of ducts behind the nipple, most often in perimenopausal women, discharge is thick, sticky, white, brown, green, or purple. Women frequently experience a burning pain and itching or a palpable mass behind the nipple

23

Intraductal Papilloma

Rare, benign condition that develops within the terminal nipple ducts, unknown cause, women ages 30-50, lesion too small to be palpated, characteristic sign is spontaneous, unilateral nipple discharge that is serous, serosanguinous, or bloody