Flashcards in Test 1- Part 1: Introduction Deck (60):
Study of motion or human movement
Study of human musculoskeletal system & musculotendinous system
Application of mechanical physics to human motion
Study of muscles as they are involved in science of movement
How many muscles are found in the human body?
What are the two reference positions called?
A line running vertically down the surface of the body passing through the apex of the axilla (armpit)
A line that is parallel to the mid-axillary line and passes through the posterior axillary skinfold
Posterior axillary line
A line that is parallel to the mid- axillary line and passes through the anterior axillary skinfold
Anterior axillary line
A line running vertically down the body passing through the midpoint of the clavicle
A point midway between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic bone
This plane divides the body into left & right halves (medial & lateral)
Sagittal plane (anteroposterior)
What actions occur in the sagittal plane?
Flexion & extension
What plane divides the body into superior and inferior halves?
What kinds of actions happen in the transverse plane?
This plane divides the body into anterior and posterior halves
Frontal (coronal) plane
What actions have in the frontal plane?
Abduction & adduction
Cranial; towards the head
Cadual; nearest to the feat
Nearest to front
Nearest to back
Nearest to the sagittal plane
Farther from the sagittal plane
Closer to the midline of the body or point of origin
Further away from midline or point of origin
Beneath or below the surface
Near the surface
On the same side
On the opposite side
Referring to the palm aspect of the hand
Palm or volar
Relating to the back of the hand
Relating to the bottom or sole of the foot
Relating to the back or top of foot
Relating to the front portion of the trunk
Relating to the back portion of the trunk
Lying on the back; face upward position of body
Stomach lying, face downward position of the body
Abnormal or excessive rotation forward of a structure (femoral)
Abnormal or excessive rotation backward of a structure (femoral)
Increased curving of the spine outward or backward in the sagittal plane
Increased curving of the spine inward or forward in the sagittal plane
Lateral curving of the spine
Bending backward, as in knee hyperextension
Outward angulation of the distal segments of a bone or joint, as in knock-knees (make outward L's)
Inward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint, as in bowlegs
What degree relationship is between a plane of motion & its axis?
This axis point commonly includes actions such as flexion and extension movements
Frontal (coronal, lateral, mediolateral) axis
This axis point follows the sagittal plane and includes movements such as abduction & adduction
Sagittal (anteroposterior) axis
This axis runs straight, down through top of head & is at a right angle to transverse plane of motion, includes movements such as internal rotation, external rotation
Vertical, long or longitudinal axis
This axis runs at a right angle to the diagonal plane
Diagonal or oblique axis
What parts of the body does the axial region contain?
What parts of the body does the appendicular region contain?
Manual (hand) contains: