Test 1- Part 1: Introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1- Part 1: Introduction Deck (60):
1

Study of motion or human movement

Kinesiology

2

Study of human musculoskeletal system & musculotendinous system

Anatomical kinesiology

3

Application of mechanical physics to human motion

Biomechanics

4

Study of muscles as they are involved in science of movement

Structural kinesiology

5

How many muscles are found in the human body?

600

6

What are the two reference positions called?

Anatomical position
Fundamental position

7

A line running vertically down the surface of the body passing through the apex of the axilla (armpit)

Mid-axillary line

8

A line that is parallel to the mid-axillary line and passes through the posterior axillary skinfold

Posterior axillary line

9

A line that is parallel to the mid- axillary line and passes through the anterior axillary skinfold

Anterior axillary line

10

A line running vertically down the body passing through the midpoint of the clavicle

Mid-clavicular line

11

A point midway between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic bone

Mid-inguinal point

12

This plane divides the body into left & right halves (medial & lateral)

Sagittal plane (anteroposterior)

13

What actions occur in the sagittal plane?

Flexion & extension

14

What plane divides the body into superior and inferior halves?

Transverse plane

15

What kinds of actions happen in the transverse plane?

Rotation

16

This plane divides the body into anterior and posterior halves

Frontal (coronal) plane

17

What actions have in the frontal plane?

Abduction & adduction

18

Cranial; towards the head

Superior

19

Cadual; nearest to the feat

Inferior

20

Nearest to front

Anterior

21

Nearest to back

Posterior

22

Nearest to the sagittal plane

Medial

23

Farther from the sagittal plane

Lateral

24

Closer to the midline of the body or point of origin

Proximal

25

Further away from midline or point of origin

Distal

26

Beneath or below the surface

Deep

27

Near the surface

Superficial

28

On the same side

Ispsilateral

29

On the opposite side

Contralateral

30

Referring to the palm aspect of the hand

Palm or volar

31

Relating to the back of the hand

Dorsal

32

Relating to the bottom or sole of the foot

Plantar

33

Relating to the back or top of foot

Dorsal

34

Relating to the front portion of the trunk

Ventral

35

Relating to the back portion of the trunk

Dorsal

36

Lying on the back; face upward position of body

Supine

37

Stomach lying, face downward position of the body

Prone

38

Abnormal or excessive rotation forward of a structure (femoral)

Anteversion

39

Abnormal or excessive rotation backward of a structure (femoral)

Retroversion

40

Increased curving of the spine outward or backward in the sagittal plane

Kyphosis

41

Increased curving of the spine inward or forward in the sagittal plane

Lordosis

42

Lateral curving of the spine

Scoliosis

43

Bending backward, as in knee hyperextension

Recurvatum

44

Outward angulation of the distal segments of a bone or joint, as in knock-knees (make outward L's)

Valgus

45

Inward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint, as in bowlegs

Vargus

46

What degree relationship is between a plane of motion & its axis?

90 degree

47

This axis point commonly includes actions such as flexion and extension movements

Frontal (coronal, lateral, mediolateral) axis

48

This axis point follows the sagittal plane and includes movements such as abduction & adduction

Sagittal (anteroposterior) axis

49

This axis runs straight, down through top of head & is at a right angle to transverse plane of motion, includes movements such as internal rotation, external rotation

Vertical, long or longitudinal axis

50

This axis runs at a right angle to the diagonal plane

Diagonal or oblique axis

51

What parts of the body does the axial region contain?

Cephalic (head)
Cervical (neck)
Trunk

52

What parts of the body does the appendicular region contain?

Upper limbs
Lower limbs

53

Cephalic contains:

Cranium
Face

54

Trunk contains:

Thracic (thorax)
Dorsal (back)
Lumbar
Sacral
Pelvic
Gluteal
Abdominal
Pubic

55

Shoulder contains:

Scapular
Acromial
Axillary

56

Arm contains:

Cubital
Anticubital

57

Manual (hand) contains:

Carpal
Dorsal
Palmer

58

Thigh contains:

Femoral

59

Leg contains:

Patellar

60

Pedal contains:

Dorsal
Plantar