Test 4- Triangles, Spaces, Etc. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 4- Triangles, Spaces, Etc. Deck (18)
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Adductor hiatus

Is the opening between the distal aponeurotic attachment of the adductor part of the adductor Magnus and the tendon of the hamstring part

1

Adductor hiatus transmits ...

Femoral artery and vein from the anterior compartment of the thigh to the popliteal fossa posterior to knee.

2

Femoral triangle borders

Superiorly by the inguinal ligament
Medially by the adductor longus
Laterally by the sartorius

3

Femoral triangle apex

Where the medial border of the sartorius crosses the lateral border of the adductor longus

4

Femoral triangle floor

Iliopsoas laterally and pectineus medially

5

Contents of the femoral triangle

Navel...from lateral to medial

6

Adductor canal

Extends from the apex of the femoral triangle, to the adductor hiatus in the tendon of the adductor Magnus

7

Adductor canal provides

An intermuscular passage for the femoral artery and vein, saphenous nerve, and the nerve to vastus medialis, delivering the femoral vessels to the popliteal fossa where they become popliteal vessels.

8

Femoral sheath does not enclose the ...

femoral nerve

9

Compartments for the femoral sheath

Lateral compartment- femoral artery
Intermediate compartment - femoral vein
Medial compartment- which constitutes the femoral canal

10

Femoral canal contents

Empty space for femoral artery to expand
Loose connective tissue an lymphatics

11

Popliteal fossa borders

Biceps femoris superolaterally
Semimembranosus superomedially
Lateral and medial heads of gastrocnemius, inferolaterally and infernomedially respectively

12

Popliteal fossa floor

Popliteal surface of femur
Posterior capsule of the knee joint
Popliteus fascia covering the popliteus muscle

13

Deepest structure in the popliteal fossa

Popliteal artery...passes close to the joint capsule of knee

14

Most superficial structure in the popliteal fossa

Tibial branch of sciatic nerve...originates at superior angle of popliteal fossa

15

What Allows femoral artery and vein to glide under inguinal ligaments during movement of hip?

Femoral sheath

16

Tarsal tunnel created by

Created by flexor retinaculum

17

Femoralcanal:

most medial compartment of sheath
– Allows for expansion/compression of femoral vein
– Contains fat and lymphatics