What are test techniques?
means of eliciting behaviour from candidates that tell about language abilities
Need for test techniques
Beneficial WashbackElicit Behavior:- Indicator of ability (Reliable+Valid)- Scored Reliably
- Economic of time/effort
Multiple choice items include
- Perfectly reliable- Rapid + Economical- Poss. More items (shorter) = +reliable- Test Receptive Skills w/o produced written or spoken lang. = +validity
Why are MC reliable?
- Objective (get right answer or not)- More items (Ss has more time)- Test only receptive skills
MC bad indicator of Grammar Knowledge
Choose right answer ≠ Ability use Gramm. Structure
Mulltiple Choice Questions Disadvantages
- Gap (b/w)knowledge/use- Guessing + Cheating- No plausible Distractors- Hard to create (statistics)- Practice MC do not improve Lang. Ability
Short-Answer mostly used to test...
Listening and Reading
Short-AnswerAvdvantages (over MC)
- less guessing/cheating- no distractors need- easier to write items
Short-AnswerDisavdvantages (over MC)
- Responses take longer
- Production of Language needed
- Scoring if Judgement --rel. --val.
- Scoring takes longer
How to improve reliability and validity of Short-Answer Items
Response: - Unique- Found in text (or simple lang. required)
Short Answer Items in Serious Language Testing?