Testing - AMT - Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Z3 - Testing > Testing - AMT - Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Testing - AMT - Chapter 8 Deck (15):
1

What are test techniques?

means of eliciting behaviour from candidates that tell about language abilities

2

Need for test techniques

Beneficial Washback
Elicit Behavior:
- Indicator of ability (Reliable+Valid)
- Scored Reliably
- Economic of time/effort

3

Multiple choice items include

(elements)

- Stem

- Options
- Correct options
- Distractors

4

MC advantages

- Perfectly reliable
- Rapid + Economical
- Poss. More items (shorter) = +reliable
- Test Receptive Skills w/o produced written or spoken lang. = +validity

5

Why are MC reliable?

- Objective (get right answer or not)
- More items (Ss has more time)
- Test only receptive skills

6

MC bad indicator of Grammar Knowledge

Choose right answer ≠ Ability use Gramm. Structure

7

Mulltiple Choice Questions Disadvantages

- Gap (b/w)knowledge/use
- Guessing + Cheating
- No plausible Distractors
- Hard to create (statistics)
- Practice MC do not improve Lang. Ability

8

Short-Answer mostly used to test...

Listening and Reading

9

Short-Answer
Avdvantages (over MC)

- less guessing/cheating
- no distractors need
- easier to write items

10

Short-Answer
Disavdvantages (over MC)

- Responses take longer
- Production of Language needed
- Scoring if Judgement --rel. --val.
- Scoring takes longer

11

How to improve reliability and validity of Short-Answer Items

Response: 
- Unique
- Found in text (or simple lang. required)

12

Short Answer Items in Serious Language Testing?

- Yes
- Only avoid Short-Answers in Large Scale situations

13

How to improve this Short-Answer Question?
- Why did Hannibal enjoy eating brain so much?

Make it shorter to answer (less language use)
- i.e. Use Gap Filling items

14

Gap filling items 
- Work well with

- (read/list) Missing words in Text or frequent
- (voc/gram) continuous = only one gap

15

Gap filling items
- Bad Grammar test Use

- +than1 word in gap
- various possible responses
- +than1 gap